|Title||A Critical Analysis of Power Usage Effectiveness and Its Use as Data Center Energy Sustainability Metrics|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Authors||Yuventi, J., and R. Mehdizadeh|
|Year of Publication||2013|
Data centers represent an increasingly popular construction project type, supported by the continued growth in internet-based services. These facilities can, however, consume large amounts of electricity and—especially if growth trends continue—put strain on utility grids and energy resources. Many metrics have been proposed to evaluate and communicate energy use in data centers. In many cases, the goal is that these metrics will be used to develop energy conscious behavior and perhaps data center sustainability ratings or building codes to reduce average energy use. In this paper, we examine one of the more popular metrics, Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE), and discuss its shortcomings toward effectively communicating energy sustainability. Our inference is that PUE is an instantaneous representation of electrical energy consumption that encourages operators to report the minimum observed values of PUE. Hence, PUE only conveys an understanding of the minimum possible energy use. Instead we propose the use of energy-based metrics or average PUE over a significant time period—e.g., a year—to better understand the energy efficiency of a data center and to develop sustainability rating/ranking systems and energy codes.
|Keywords||Data centers, energy efficiency metrics, Power Usage Effectiveness, sustainability standards|
Last modified Fri, 22 Mar, 2013 at 10:56