Measuring the Impact of Real-time Life Cycle Performance Feedback on Conceptual Building Design

TitleMeasuring the Impact of Real-time Life Cycle Performance Feedback on Conceptual Building Design
Publication TypeTechnical Report
AuthorsBasbagill, J., F. Flager, and M. Lepech
Date Published04/2017

Decisions made in the early design stages critically determine a building’s life cycle environmental impact and cost. These decisions are characterized by uncertainty, resulting from downstream decisions that have not yet been made. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of three visualization methods in helping professionals make sustainable building design decisions under uncertainty. A charrette involving 63 architects, engineers, and real estate developers was conducted to measure the effect of a scatterplot, histogram, and tornado diagram on design efficiency and solution quality. Participants were tasked with minimizing life cycle environmental impact and life cycle cost of a commercial office building. Each intervention achieved higher-performing designs than when no feedback was provided, and feedback presented in the form of a scatterplot achieved the best results. The research demonstrates the importance of providing designers with quantitative performance feedback to support sustainable building design decision-making and that the quantity and representation of the data should be carefully considered.
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to express thanks for funding support provided by the Center for Integrated Facility Engineering at Stanford University, the Thomas V. Jones Engineering Faculty Scholarship at Stanford University, and the Jacobs Technion-Cornell Institute at Cornell Tech.

KeywordsCharrette, Cost Estimation, Design, life cycle assessment, Simulation, Sustainable Design, VDC, Virtual Design and Construction
Year of Publication2017
TR222.pdf926.87 KB

Last modified Tue, 9 May, 2017 at 14:42