Computational Modeling of Nonadaptive Crowd Behaviors for Egress Analysis: 2005-2005 CIFE Seed Project Report

TitleComputational Modeling of Nonadaptive Crowd Behaviors for Egress Analysis: 2005-2005 CIFE Seed Project Report
Publication TypeTechnical Report
AuthorsLaw, K., K. Dauber, and X. Pan
NumberTR162
Date Published10/2005
Abstract

Safe egress is one of the key design issues identified by facility planners, managers and inspectors. Computational tools are now available for the simulation and design of emergency evacuation and egress. However, these tools rely heavily on assumptions about human individual and social behaviors, which have been found to be oversimplified, inconsistent and even incorrect. Furthermore, the behaviors are usually incorporated into the computational model in an ad hoc manner. This research has developed a framework for studying human and social behavior from the perspectives of human decision-making and social interaction and to incorporate such behavior in a dynamic computational model suitable for emergency egress analysis.

KeywordsComputational Modeling, Decision-Making, Egress, Emergency, Human and Social Behavior, Multi-Agent System
Year of Publication2005
AttachmentSize
TR162.pdf911.05 KB

Last modified Tue, 22 Mar, 2011 at 16:14