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AEC and Pandemic

Return to August 2020 Update

Table of Contents - Systematized References  (August 2020)

0. Global socio-economic, geo-political developments affecting AEC (indirectly)

1. (Advance) planning – short- & long-term strategies

1.a) Businesses (economy sectors) / projects
1.b) Individuals
1.c) Sustainability; Green future – opportunity to address climate change

2. Open communication and collaboration

3. Procedures of shifting workflows

3.a) Current situation
3.b) Remote work; Work from home (WFH)
3.c) Site procedures
3.d) Supply chain
3.e) Workspace re-entry
3.f) Financials; cashflow / Contracts/ Litigations

4. Health and safety

5. Management of employees in crisis

6. Adoption of new technologies

6.a) Virtual communication & collaboration (Zoom, BIM360, Virtual site inspections, AR/VR, etc.)
6.b) Robotics, Automation, Mobile Unmanned Systems (MUS); 3D printing (additive manufacturing); etc.
6.c) Smart buildings: IT+OT; IoT, digital twin, big data – analytics & processing, sensors, AI, proptech, etc.
6.d) Other concepts (VDC, management, blockchain, smart contracts)
6.e) COVID-19 related innovations (for public); contact tracing, etc.
6.f) Cybersecurity / Privacy

7. Buildings & cities for a next normal

7.a) Healthcare facilities
7.b) Offices
7.c) Residential buildings
7.d) Commercial buildings & mix-use programs (retail, entertainment, hospitality, sports); Industrial buildings
7.e) Education; buildings
7.f) Renovation/ revitalization / adaptive re-use projects
7.g) City planning; Smart cities / Infrastructure / Landscape & marine projects

8. Silver lining

9. Future predictions

10. Official Strategies / Guidelines // Rules / Regulations

11. Building operations


0. Global socio-economic, geo-political developments affecting AEC (indirectly)

[13] E. Mackintosh, G. Mezzofiore, K. Polglase, C. P. August 14, and 2020, “Inside the multibillion dollar race for a Covid-19 vaccine.” (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[15] “Bill Gates Urges U.S. to Help Poorer Countries Get Vaccines,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 05, 2020.

[17] “Industry Body Calls Russian Covid-19 Vaccine a Pandora’s Box,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 10, 2020.

[20] E. C. and D. V. CNN, “NIH chief says politically motivated approval of coronavirus vaccine ‘cannot happen,’” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[24] CNN, “August 11 coronavirus news: Russia names coronavirus vaccine ‘Sputnik-V,’ says 20 countries have requested more than a billion doses,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[51] P. H. and J. G. CNN, “Top US health official meets with Taiwan President,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[53] “UNICEF USA Launches its First Program To Assist Children in American Cities | Voice of America - English.” (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[57] “The risks of keeping schools closed far outweigh the benefits,” The Economist.

[90] “Borders are closing to Americans. Here’s where you can still go,” Travel, Aug. 03, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[92] F. P. CNN, “Thousands of Covid-deniers protest in Berlin and London,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[96] A. Federgruen, “Trump’s attempt to take the US out of the WHO is disastrous for America and could make the world sicker,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[98] “Biden Voters Are Far More Likely to Plan to Vote by Mail: Poll,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

[100] “Philippines Plunges Into Recession and Cuts 2020 GDP Outlook,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 06, 2020.

[101] S. P. Chan and R. Plummer, “UK in recession for first time in 11 years,” BBC News, Aug. 12, 2020.

[102] “U.S. Worse Off Than Russia, Mexico in 2020 Economic Misery Ranking,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 06, 2020.

[103] A. T. Business CNN, “US economy added 1.8 million jobs in July but still down nearly 13 million jobs during the pandemic,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[109] finanzen net GmbH, “Dow, S&P 500 cap off best August in more than 30 years as tech rally offsets broad weakness | Markets Insider,” markets.businessinsider.com. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[110] “The Stock Market’s Improbable Recovery Explained,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 18, 2020.

[111] A. Au-Yeung, “Jeff Bezos Ends Day With An All-Time High Net Worth Of $197.8 Billion,” Forbes. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[112] “Bloomberg Business on Instagram: ‘Apple made Wall Street history on Wednesday when its 2020 stock surge pushed the market value past $2 trillion, the first time a U.S.…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[117] finanzen net GmbH, “Gold could surge more than 90% and hit $4,000 if these two factors remain under control,” markets.businessinsider.com. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[118] finanzen net GmbH, “Parts of the market ‘are going to roar’ while tech will climb modestly on stimulus tailwinds, vaccine, Citi senior banker says | Markets Insider,” markets.businessinsider.com. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[119] “Americans Surprise Wall Street With Spending Boom During Coronavirus,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 19, 2020.

[120] “A Covid Mystery: the Terrified, Treat-Yourself Consumer,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 30, 2020.

[122] H. Lybrand, “Fact check: Trump says oil and gas industry is ‘back.’ He’s wrong.,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[123] “Oil Companies Wonder If It’s Worth Looking for Oil Anymore,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 16, 2020.

[124] “Stocks Briefly Erase Pandemic Losses; Oil Rallies: Markets Wrap,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 11, 2020.

[125] “Dollar dominance is as secure as American global leadership,” The Economist, Aug. 06, 2020.

[127] “Job Cuts at MGM, Coca-Cola, Boeing Herald Economic Pain Ahead,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 29, 2020.

[133] “America’s stockmarkets are flying high. Its companies still aren’t,” The Economist, Aug. 06, 2020.

[138] A. Chamings, “The 2020 San Francisco exodus is real, and historic, report shows,” SFGate, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[139] “American Cities Brace for a Future With Even Greater Inequality,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 13, 2020.

[145] “Elite U.S. Schools Face a Rude Awakening With Asian Students Staying Away,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 27, 2020.

[146] “America musters the world’s biggest naval exercise,” The Economist, Aug. 16, 2020.

[147] “China Brands Trump’s Demands on TikTok Sale a ‘Smash and Grab,’” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 04, 2020.

[150] C. N. N. Staff, “China’s Communist Party is a threat to the world, says former elite insider,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[151] “The pandemic is affecting elections around the world,” The Economist, Aug. 17, 2020.

[152] “Democracy wins in Guyana and Suriname,” The Economist, Aug. 06, 2020.

[153] “The November Election Could Not Be Bigger — for Europe,” Bloomberg.com, Jul. 25, 2020.

[154] D. Choi, “North Korea’s leader is tapping his own private food reserve to feed the country, and it could be a worrying sign,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[155] B. K. CNN, “Israel and the UAE establish ‘full normalization of relations,’” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[157] A. C. CNN Oren Liebermann and Vivian Salama, “First Israeli commercial flight between Israel and UAE takes to the skies,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[160] “How the Beirut Explosion Will Worsen Lebanon’s Crises,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 05, 2020.

[162] finanzen net GmbH, “Activists pump up Hong Kong media stock 1,000% after its pro-democracy founder was arrested | Markets Insider,” markets.businessinsider.com. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[163] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘⁣A car drives through floodwater in Gurugram, India.⠀ ⠀ ⠀ The region hosts industry giants such as Google, Facebook and Uber, but poor…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[164] M. R. and F. W. CNN, “Fires are raging in the Amazon, despite a Brazil government ban. It could be worse than last summer.,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[165] A. G. SFGATE, “1.4M acres have burned in Calif. so far this year, compared to 56K this time last year, Newsom says,” SFGate, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[167] “‘Highest temperature on Earth’ recorded in US,” BBC News, Aug. 17, 2020.

[168] “The world is losing its big old trees,” The Economist, Aug. 19, 2020.

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[349] “US reverses decision to reimpose aluminum tariffs on Canadian imports,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[350] “Reopening draws down inventory, but volatility expected for remainder of year,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[351] “Q3 ocean volume on par with 2019, but Transpacific rates jump nearly 50%,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[352] “Universal basic income gains momentum in America,” The Economist, Aug. 08, 2020.

[353] “London sees hottest stretch since 1960s,” BBC News, Aug. 12, 2020.

[354] “Climate Change Packs Twice as Many Storms Into Hurricane Season,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 15, 2020.

[355] D. A. CNN, “Nearly 30 million Americans told the Census Bureau they didn’t have enough to eat last week,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[356] “California Braces for More Blackouts as Heat Wave Persists,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 15, 2020.

[357] K. P. CNN, “Senate intelligence report warns of repeat of Russian election interference,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[358] S. A. CNN Jason Hanna and Faith Karimi, “California wildfires: 560 blazes have scorched more acres than there are in Rhode Island,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

1. (Advance) planning; short- & long-term strategies

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[99] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The science that proves female leaders handled the pandemic better than their male counterparts. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[105] S. Corker, “Job hunt: ‘I apply everywhere - few firms reply,’” BBC News, Aug. 01, 2020.

[107] “The Smart Wallet posted on Instagram: ‘In our recent survey, we found that more than half of American millennials are struggling financially since COVID-19 started. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[121] “Bubble-hunting has become more art than science,” The Economist, Aug. 19, 2020.

[163] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘⁣A car drives through floodwater in Gurugram, India.⠀ ⠀ ⠀ The region hosts industry giants such as Google, Facebook and Uber, but poor…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[164] M. R. and F. W. CNN, “Fires are raging in the Amazon, despite a Brazil government ban. It could be worse than last summer.,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[165] A. G. SFGATE, “1.4M acres have burned in Calif. so far this year, compared to 56K this time last year, Newsom says,” SFGate, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[167] “‘Highest temperature on Earth’ recorded in US,” BBC News, Aug. 17, 2020.

[168] “The world is losing its big old trees,” The Economist, Aug. 19, 2020.

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[170] “Drastic change as a result of coronavirus is ‘wishful thinking’ says Rem Koolhaas,” Dezeen, Jul. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[178] D. Proctor, “Arab World’s First Nuclear Plant Starts Up,” POWER Magazine, Aug. 01, 2020. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[188] “NYC announces new PLAs, community hiring initiative,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 02, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[221] “CIDCI Online Salon: Getting Started in Corporate Venturing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 24, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[229] “Will climate change cause infrastructure to bend or break? | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[234] “From visibility software to pallet picks: How Tillamook planned inventory as demand soared,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[235] “Blockchain’s fate under COVID-19,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[249] “Uber focuses on delivery as pandemic erodes ride business,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[250] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Gia Biagi | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[254] “Top 10 cities for construction workers,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[279] “How to be a more efficient, effective financial forecaster,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[280] “5 red flags that a job might not be worth the risk,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[281] “How can managers make their supply chains more agile? 4 experts weigh in.,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[282] Money Talks 2: Investing Your Money During & Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[283] Stanford University, “Productivity, Creativity, & Focus in a Chaotic World | Office of Postdoctoral Affairs.” (accessed Aug. 11, 2020).

[285] “Igniting individual purpose | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[286] T. Bradberry, “10 things great bosses do every day,” CNBC, Jan. 19, 2018. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[288] “California DOT repaves highway with recycled plastic bottles,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[289] M. Taub and J. Stanislaski, “From Environmental Racism to Climate Justice | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[295] “What We Can Learn From MIT’s ‘Hybrid’ Model of Collaboration,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

[299] “Why construction documentation matters more than ever during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[322] “Salon Alper Derinbogaz designs ‘pandemic resistant’ office for Istanbul,” Dezeen, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[353] “London sees hottest stretch since 1960s,” BBC News, Aug. 12, 2020.

[354] “Climate Change Packs Twice as Many Storms Into Hurricane Season,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 15, 2020.

[356] “California Braces for More Blackouts as Heat Wave Persists,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 15, 2020.

[358] S. A. CNN Jason Hanna and Faith Karimi, “California wildfires: 560 blazes have scorched more acres than there are in Rhode Island,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[361] “Company Handbook | Open Forum.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[363] “ISM: Manufacturing growth indicates ‘we’re coming out of recession,’” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[364] A. Larson, “Group to Cities: Get Out of Nuclear Project While You Can,” POWER Magazine, Aug. 05, 2020. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[365] S. Patel, “GE Will Decarbonize Uniper’s Gas Power Fleet,” POWER Magazine, Jul. 30, 2020. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[367] “Dear valued supplier: Don’t take advantage of the pandemic to raise prices,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[381] J. Cavaliere and T. Hall, “For Brands and Employees, Purpose Now Matters More Than Ever | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[383] “Turner Construction takes a zero-tolerance stance toward racist acts,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[384] “7 bidding mistakes that can throw off a project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[385] “7 lessons about finding the work you were meant to do,” ideas.ted.com, Apr. 29, 2016. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

1.a Businesses (economy sectors) / projects

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[188] “NYC announces new PLAs, community hiring initiative,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 02, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[221] “CIDCI Online Salon: Getting Started in Corporate Venturing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 24, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[234] “From visibility software to pallet picks: How Tillamook planned inventory as demand soared,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[235] “Blockchain’s fate under COVID-19,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[249] “Uber focuses on delivery as pandemic erodes ride business,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[250] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Gia Biagi | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[280] “5 red flags that a job might not be worth the risk,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[281] “How can managers make their supply chains more agile? 4 experts weigh in.,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[295] “What We Can Learn From MIT’s ‘Hybrid’ Model of Collaboration,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

[299] “Why construction documentation matters more than ever during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[361] “Company Handbook | Open Forum.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[363] “ISM: Manufacturing growth indicates ‘we’re coming out of recession,’” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[367] “Dear valued supplier: Don’t take advantage of the pandemic to raise prices,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[381] J. Cavaliere and T. Hall, “For Brands and Employees, Purpose Now Matters More Than Ever | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[383] “Turner Construction takes a zero-tolerance stance toward racist acts,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[384] “7 bidding mistakes that can throw off a project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

1.b Individuals

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[99] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The science that proves female leaders handled the pandemic better than their male counterparts. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[105] S. Corker, “Job hunt: ‘I apply everywhere - few firms reply,’” BBC News, Aug. 01, 2020.

[107] “The Smart Wallet posted on Instagram: ‘In our recent survey, we found that more than half of American millennials are struggling financially since COVID-19 started. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[121] “Bubble-hunting has become more art than science,” The Economist, Aug. 19, 2020.

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1 c Sustainability; Green future – opportunity to address climate change

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[167] “‘Highest temperature on Earth’ recorded in US,” BBC News, Aug. 17, 2020.

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[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[288] “California DOT repaves highway with recycled plastic bottles,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

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[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[322] “Salon Alper Derinbogaz designs ‘pandemic resistant’ office for Istanbul,” Dezeen, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[353] “London sees hottest stretch since 1960s,” BBC News, Aug. 12, 2020.

[354] “Climate Change Packs Twice as Many Storms Into Hurricane Season,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 15, 2020.

[356] “California Braces for More Blackouts as Heat Wave Persists,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 15, 2020.

[358] S. A. CNN Jason Hanna and Faith Karimi, “California wildfires: 560 blazes have scorched more acres than there are in Rhode Island,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[364] A. Larson, “Group to Cities: Get Out of Nuclear Project While You Can,” POWER Magazine, Aug. 05, 2020. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[365] S. Patel, “GE Will Decarbonize Uniper’s Gas Power Fleet,” POWER Magazine, Jul. 30, 2020. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

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[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

2. Open communication & collaboration

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[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

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[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

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[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[387] “MEP Subcontractors Exemplify the Rise of the New Manufacturer.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[388] “Lendlease reports pandemic-driven loss for second half of its fiscal year,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

3. Procedures of shifting workflows

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

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[40] S. A. CNN, “Assaulting a worker who’s enforcing masks is now a felony under a new Illinois law,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[45] S. Aridi, “How to Prepare for Your Return to the Office,” The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2020.

[126] R. Green, “The PPP closed to new applications with over $130 billion in unclaimed funds,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[170] “Drastic change as a result of coronavirus is ‘wishful thinking’ says Rem Koolhaas,” Dezeen, Jul. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[176] “Orange County Convention Center joins hospitality projects halted by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[177] “Balfour Beatty reports half-year loss amid plunge in UK construction market,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[179] “$9.6B worth of infrastructure projects delayed or canceled during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

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[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[183] “Architectural billings continue to decline,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[184] “Readers Respond: 44% of respondents had a co-worker test positive for COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[187] “Architectural billings in August still show little sign of improvement - AIA.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[188] “NYC announces new PLAs, community hiring initiative,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 02, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[191] “Warehousing, manufacturing employment below pre-pandemic levels as peak nears,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[234] “From visibility software to pallet picks: How Tillamook planned inventory as demand soared,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[235] “Blockchain’s fate under COVID-19,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

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[243] A. D. B. Stanford Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad, “AI4AEC - Prototyping with VR – Anton Dy Buncio, Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[246] C. B. Stanford Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza, “AI4AEC - Robots for Construction - Cynthia Brosque, Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[249] “Uber focuses on delivery as pandemic erodes ride business,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

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[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

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[264] “Post-COVID, More Office Designs Include Permanent Outdoor Workspaces,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

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[290] “American Society of Civil Engineers Unveils Interactive Map of Construction-Ready Infrastructure Projects in the United States | ASCE.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[291] “The New York Times on Instagram: ‘Parents across America are bracing for a go-it-alone school year. Raising children has always been a community endeavor, and suddenly the…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

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[295] “What We Can Learn From MIT’s ‘Hybrid’ Model of Collaboration,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

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[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

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[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

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[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

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[349] “US reverses decision to reimpose aluminum tariffs on Canadian imports,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[350] “Reopening draws down inventory, but volatility expected for remainder of year,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[351] “Q3 ocean volume on par with 2019, but Transpacific rates jump nearly 50%,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

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[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[367] “Dear valued supplier: Don’t take advantage of the pandemic to raise prices,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

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[388] “Lendlease reports pandemic-driven loss for second half of its fiscal year,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[389] “Supreme Court denies request to halt border wall construction,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[390] “DSV Panalpina restores guidance to near pre-pandemic level,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[391] “Home Depot adds 3 warehouses as DIY demand grows,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[392] “$1.97B Allegiant Stadium reaches end zone,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[393] “Readers Respond: COVID-19 has increased competition among contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[394] “Ahold Delhaize’s US digital sales soar 127% as consumers turn to online grocery delivery, pickup,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[396] Trimble Buildings, “Unlock the Value of AR, MR and VR for Construction.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[398] “High-speed rail projects move forward despite coronavirus,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[399] “Fabric, fit more important than face covering style,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[400] “Marriott trims US hotel plans, cancels development meeting,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[401] “Drone video shows rapid progress at Austin, Texas, Tesla site,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[402] “Peak season in a pandemic: What happens to freight rates and capacity?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[404] “Spot rates are sky high. Will contract rates follow?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[405] “Tracking US manufacturers’ shift to PPE during the coronavirus pandemic,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[406] “The Dotted Line: When should contractors use COVID-19 liability waivers?,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[407] “Contractors file $16M of liens on Royal Caribbean’s Miami headquarters project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[408] “ConTech Conversations: BIM, VDC adoption keeps growing,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

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[412] S. Miller, “5 Ways to Eliminate Toxic Behavior in the Workplace,” Inc.com, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

3.a Current situation

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[179] “$9.6B worth of infrastructure projects delayed or canceled during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[180] “2020.07.28_ARTBA_COVID19RevImpact_v18_Public.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 27, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[181] “Study finds COVID-19 protocols led to a 7% loss on construction projects,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[183] “Architectural billings continue to decline,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[184] “Readers Respond: 44% of respondents had a co-worker test positive for COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[187] “Architectural billings in August still show little sign of improvement - AIA.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[188] “NYC announces new PLAs, community hiring initiative,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 02, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[191] “Warehousing, manufacturing employment below pre-pandemic levels as peak nears,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[249] “Uber focuses on delivery as pandemic erodes ride business,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[254] “Top 10 cities for construction workers,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[280] “5 red flags that a job might not be worth the risk,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[290] “American Society of Civil Engineers Unveils Interactive Map of Construction-Ready Infrastructure Projects in the United States | ASCE.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[299] “Why construction documentation matters more than ever during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[349] “US reverses decision to reimpose aluminum tariffs on Canadian imports,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[350] “Reopening draws down inventory, but volatility expected for remainder of year,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[361] “Company Handbook | Open Forum.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[363] “ISM: Manufacturing growth indicates ‘we’re coming out of recession,’” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[367] “Dear valued supplier: Don’t take advantage of the pandemic to raise prices,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[383] “Turner Construction takes a zero-tolerance stance toward racist acts,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[388] “Lendlease reports pandemic-driven loss for second half of its fiscal year,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[389] “Supreme Court denies request to halt border wall construction,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[390] “DSV Panalpina restores guidance to near pre-pandemic level,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[391] “Home Depot adds 3 warehouses as DIY demand grows,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[392] “$1.97B Allegiant Stadium reaches end zone,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[393] “Readers Respond: COVID-19 has increased competition among contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[398] “High-speed rail projects move forward despite coronavirus,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[400] “Marriott trims US hotel plans, cancels development meeting,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[401] “Drone video shows rapid progress at Austin, Texas, Tesla site,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[402] “Peak season in a pandemic: What happens to freight rates and capacity?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[404] “Spot rates are sky high. Will contract rates follow?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[405] “Tracking US manufacturers’ shift to PPE during the coronavirus pandemic,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[407] “Contractors file $16M of liens on Royal Caribbean’s Miami headquarters project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[408] “ConTech Conversations: BIM, VDC adoption keeps growing,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[409] “Justice Department indicts Minnesota contractor for $841K PPP loan fraud,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

3.b Remote work; Work from home (WFH)

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[45] S. Aridi, “How to Prepare for Your Return to the Office,” The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2020.

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[264] “Post-COVID, More Office Designs Include Permanent Outdoor Workspaces,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[291] “The New York Times on Instagram: ‘Parents across America are bracing for a go-it-alone school year. Raising children has always been a community endeavor, and suddenly the…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[294] “Atelier Marko Brajovic Creates Home Office Capsule That Fits in Any House,” ArchDaily, Aug. 28, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[295] “What We Can Learn From MIT’s ‘Hybrid’ Model of Collaboration,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[381] J. Cavaliere and T. Hall, “For Brands and Employees, Purpose Now Matters More Than Ever | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[412] S. Miller, “5 Ways to Eliminate Toxic Behavior in the Workplace,” Inc.com, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

3.c Site procedures

[177] “Balfour Beatty reports half-year loss amid plunge in UK construction market,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[181] “Study finds COVID-19 protocols led to a 7% loss on construction projects,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[184] “Readers Respond: 44% of respondents had a co-worker test positive for COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[243] A. D. B. Stanford Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad, “AI4AEC - Prototyping with VR – Anton Dy Buncio, Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[246] C. B. Stanford Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza, “AI4AEC - Robots for Construction - Cynthia Brosque, Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[296] “Trimble Buildings: Stay Compliant and Safe Without the Downtime.” (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[298] “Rosendin uses industrial coolers to spray disinfectant on jobsites,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[396] Trimble Buildings, “Unlock the Value of AR, MR and VR for Construction.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[399] “Fabric, fit more important than face covering style,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[406] “The Dotted Line: When should contractors use COVID-19 liability waivers?,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

3.d Supply chain

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[191] “Warehousing, manufacturing employment below pre-pandemic levels as peak nears,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[234] “From visibility software to pallet picks: How Tillamook planned inventory as demand soared,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[235] “Blockchain’s fate under COVID-19,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[249] “Uber focuses on delivery as pandemic erodes ride business,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[281] “How can managers make their supply chains more agile? 4 experts weigh in.,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[349] “US reverses decision to reimpose aluminum tariffs on Canadian imports,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[350] “Reopening draws down inventory, but volatility expected for remainder of year,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[351] “Q3 ocean volume on par with 2019, but Transpacific rates jump nearly 50%,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[363] “ISM: Manufacturing growth indicates ‘we’re coming out of recession,’” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[390] “DSV Panalpina restores guidance to near pre-pandemic level,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[391] “Home Depot adds 3 warehouses as DIY demand grows,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[394] “Ahold Delhaize’s US digital sales soar 127% as consumers turn to online grocery delivery, pickup,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[402] “Peak season in a pandemic: What happens to freight rates and capacity?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[404] “Spot rates are sky high. Will contract rates follow?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

3.e Workspace re-entry

[45] S. Aridi, “How to Prepare for Your Return to the Office,” The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2020.

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[264] “Post-COVID, More Office Designs Include Permanent Outdoor Workspaces,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[268] webmaster@governor.virginia.gov, “Virginia Governor Ralph Northam - July.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[276] “Home - Join TM,” Join Digital Inc. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[295] “What We Can Learn From MIT’s ‘Hybrid’ Model of Collaboration,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[308] “Lynxspring - Building Automation and Management Systems,” Lynxspring. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[309] “Data-Driven Workplace Space Utilization Solutions,” CoWorkr. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[310] “Blue Box Air | Innovating Air.” (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[313] “Data Visualization | Microsoft Power BI.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[314] “Business Dashboard - Domo’s BI Dashboards Have the Data You Need | Domo.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[315] FM:Systems, “Strategic Planning When Returning to the Workplace - webcast recording.” (accessed Aug. 25, 2020).

[316] “COVID-19 ReEntry Care Package | Angus Systems.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[317] “essensys - Flexible Workspace Software - Workspace Management,” essensys. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[318] “IoT Platform – Enlighted.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

3.f Financials; cashflow / Contracts/ Litigations

[40] S. A. CNN, “Assaulting a worker who’s enforcing masks is now a felony under a new Illinois law,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[45] S. Aridi, “How to Prepare for Your Return to the Office,” The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2020.

[126] R. Green, “The PPP closed to new applications with over $130 billion in unclaimed funds,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[176] “Orange County Convention Center joins hospitality projects halted by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[177] “Balfour Beatty reports half-year loss amid plunge in UK construction market,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[179] “$9.6B worth of infrastructure projects delayed or canceled during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[180] “2020.07.28_ARTBA_COVID19RevImpact_v18_Public.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 27, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[181] “Study finds COVID-19 protocols led to a 7% loss on construction projects,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[183] “Architectural billings continue to decline,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[187] “Architectural billings in August still show little sign of improvement - AIA.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[188] “NYC announces new PLAs, community hiring initiative,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 02, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[249] “Uber focuses on delivery as pandemic erodes ride business,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[254] “Top 10 cities for construction workers,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[279] “How to be a more efficient, effective financial forecaster,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[280] “5 red flags that a job might not be worth the risk,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[299] “Why construction documentation matters more than ever during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[302] “Skanska, DPR, Schneider Electric face VR/AR patent infringement lawsuits,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[349] “US reverses decision to reimpose aluminum tariffs on Canadian imports,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[361] “Company Handbook | Open Forum.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[367] “Dear valued supplier: Don’t take advantage of the pandemic to raise prices,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[388] “Lendlease reports pandemic-driven loss for second half of its fiscal year,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[389] “Supreme Court denies request to halt border wall construction,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[393] “Readers Respond: COVID-19 has increased competition among contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[394] “Ahold Delhaize’s US digital sales soar 127% as consumers turn to online grocery delivery, pickup,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[400] “Marriott trims US hotel plans, cancels development meeting,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[402] “Peak season in a pandemic: What happens to freight rates and capacity?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[404] “Spot rates are sky high. Will contract rates follow?,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[405] “Tracking US manufacturers’ shift to PPE during the coronavirus pandemic,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[406] “The Dotted Line: When should contractors use COVID-19 liability waivers?,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[407] “Contractors file $16M of liens on Royal Caribbean’s Miami headquarters project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[409] “Justice Department indicts Minnesota contractor for $841K PPP loan fraud,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[411] “PPP loan forgiveness could result in big tax bills,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

4. Health & safety (of all, including employees)

[5] S. L. E. CNN, “Frontline workers wearing PPE still at more than three times the risk of Covid-19 infection, new study finds,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[13] E. Mackintosh, G. Mezzofiore, K. Polglase, C. P. August 14, and 2020, “Inside the multibillion dollar race for a Covid-19 vaccine.” (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[27] McKinsey & Co, “COVID-19-Pandemic End_online: Preventing future waves of COVID-19: Briefing note #21, August 31, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[28] S. L. and J. H. CNN, “Are you immune to Covid-19 for three months after recovering? It’s not clear,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[30] “Measure the risk of airborne COVID-19 in your office, classroom, or bus ride,” Science, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[31] “The Odds of Catching Covid on a Flight Are Slim,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 05, 2020.

[38] A. E. CNN, “Researchers created a test to determine which masks are the least effective,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[40] S. A. CNN, “Assaulting a worker who’s enforcing masks is now a felony under a new Illinois law,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[42] S. L. CNN, “Delta has banned nearly 250 passengers for refusing to wear masks,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[45] S. Aridi, “How to Prepare for Your Return to the Office,” The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2020.

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[50] M. B. CNN, “Europe’s fight against Covid-19 shifts from hospitals to the streets,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[56] “Fauci Says Face Shields Good Idea for Teachers Back in Schools,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[64] C. M. CNN Holly Yan and Amir Vera, “K-12 schools and colleges can reopen, but safety should come first, Fauci says,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[66] A. Petersen, “Mental Resilience Can Help You Through the Coronavirus Pandemic; Here’s How to Build It.,” Wall Street Journal, Jul. 14, 2020.

[181] “Study finds COVID-19 protocols led to a 7% loss on construction projects,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[184] “Readers Respond: 44% of respondents had a co-worker test positive for COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[250] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Gia Biagi | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[268] webmaster@governor.virginia.gov, “Virginia Governor Ralph Northam - July.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[276] “Home - Join TM,” Join Digital Inc. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[285] “Igniting individual purpose | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[296] “Trimble Buildings: Stay Compliant and Safe Without the Downtime.” (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[298] “Rosendin uses industrial coolers to spray disinfectant on jobsites,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[308] “Lynxspring - Building Automation and Management Systems,” Lynxspring. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[309] “Data-Driven Workplace Space Utilization Solutions,” CoWorkr. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[313] “Data Visualization | Microsoft Power BI.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[314] “Business Dashboard - Domo’s BI Dashboards Have the Data You Need | Domo.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[315] FM:Systems, “Strategic Planning When Returning to the Workplace - webcast recording.” (accessed Aug. 25, 2020).

[316] “COVID-19 ReEntry Care Package | Angus Systems.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[317] “essensys - Flexible Workspace Software - Workspace Management,” essensys. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[318] “IoT Platform – Enlighted.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[399] “Fabric, fit more important than face covering style,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[405] “Tracking US manufacturers’ shift to PPE during the coronavirus pandemic,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[413] “Chicago’s Bid to Reinvent the Corner Store,” Bloomberg.com, Jul. 31, 2020.

[414] “12 Habits of Super-Healthy People,” WebMD. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[415] “France Tightens Mask Protocols Amid Gain in Virus Infections,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 30, 2020.

5. Management of employees in crisis

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[221] “CIDCI Online Salon: Getting Started in Corporate Venturing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 24, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[250] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Gia Biagi | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[283] Stanford University, “Productivity, Creativity, & Focus in a Chaotic World | Office of Postdoctoral Affairs.” (accessed Aug. 11, 2020).

[285] “Igniting individual purpose | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[295] “What We Can Learn From MIT’s ‘Hybrid’ Model of Collaboration,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 17, 2020.

[300] “Building a factory during a pandemic: an owner’s perspective,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[361] “Company Handbook | Open Forum.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[381] J. Cavaliere and T. Hall, “For Brands and Employees, Purpose Now Matters More Than Ever | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[382] “Racism saps safety and profits from construction, owners say,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[412] S. Miller, “5 Ways to Eliminate Toxic Behavior in the Workplace,” Inc.com, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[413] “Chicago’s Bid to Reinvent the Corner Store,” Bloomberg.com, Jul. 31, 2020.

6. Adoption of (new) technologies

[34] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The innovations transforming society in Singapore. #singapore #technology #COVID19 #coronavirus #society,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[35] “Wearable Tech Enters the Fight Against Covid-19,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 19, 2020.

[36] L. A. CNN, “New York’s MTA is asking Apple to create a Face ID that works with masks,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[234] “From visibility software to pallet picks: How Tillamook planned inventory as demand soared,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[235] “Blockchain’s fate under COVID-19,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[239] M. P. Stanford, “AI4AEC - How can Computer Vision and Mixed Reality help AEC? - Marc Pollefeys, Professor, CS, ETH Zurich.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[241] S. Y. Stanford, “AI4AEC - AI4Health: Toward Ambient Intelligence in AI-Assisted Healthcare Spaces - Serena Yeung.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[243] A. D. B. Stanford Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad, “AI4AEC - Prototyping with VR – Anton Dy Buncio, Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[245] D. S. Stanford, “AI4AEC - A Human-Centered Perspective on Collaboration with Robots - Dorsa Sadigh.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[246] C. B. Stanford Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza, “AI4AEC - Robots for Construction - Cynthia Brosque, Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[276] “Home - Join TM,” Join Digital Inc. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[296] “Trimble Buildings: Stay Compliant and Safe Without the Downtime.” (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[298] “Rosendin uses industrial coolers to spray disinfectant on jobsites,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[300] “Building a factory during a pandemic: an owner’s perspective,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[302] “Skanska, DPR, Schneider Electric face VR/AR patent infringement lawsuits,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[306] “Hilti unveils its first exoskeleton,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[308] “Lynxspring - Building Automation and Management Systems,” Lynxspring. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[309] “Data-Driven Workplace Space Utilization Solutions,” CoWorkr. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[310] “Blue Box Air | Innovating Air.” (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[313] “Data Visualization | Microsoft Power BI.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[314] “Business Dashboard - Domo’s BI Dashboards Have the Data You Need | Domo.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[315] FM:Systems, “Strategic Planning When Returning to the Workplace - webcast recording.” (accessed Aug. 25, 2020).

[316] “COVID-19 ReEntry Care Package | Angus Systems.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[317] “essensys - Flexible Workspace Software - Workspace Management,” essensys. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[318] “IoT Platform – Enlighted.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[387] “MEP Subcontractors Exemplify the Rise of the New Manufacturer.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[394] “Ahold Delhaize’s US digital sales soar 127% as consumers turn to online grocery delivery, pickup,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[396] Trimble Buildings, “Unlock the Value of AR, MR and VR for Construction.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[408] “ConTech Conversations: BIM, VDC adoption keeps growing,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

6.a Virtual communication & collaboration (Zoom, BIM360, Virtual site inspections, AR/VR, etc.)

[34] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The innovations transforming society in Singapore. #singapore #technology #COVID19 #coronavirus #society,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[239] M. P. Stanford, “AI4AEC - How can Computer Vision and Mixed Reality help AEC? - Marc Pollefeys, Professor, CS, ETH Zurich.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[243] A. D. B. Stanford Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad, “AI4AEC - Prototyping with VR – Anton Dy Buncio, Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[300] “Building a factory during a pandemic: an owner’s perspective,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[302] “Skanska, DPR, Schneider Electric face VR/AR patent infringement lawsuits,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[394] “Ahold Delhaize’s US digital sales soar 127% as consumers turn to online grocery delivery, pickup,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[396] Trimble Buildings, “Unlock the Value of AR, MR and VR for Construction.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[408] “ConTech Conversations: BIM, VDC adoption keeps growing,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

6.b Robotics, Automation, Mobile Unmanned Systems (MUS); 3D printing (additive manufacturing); etc.

[34] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The innovations transforming society in Singapore. #singapore #technology #COVID19 #coronavirus #society,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[239] M. P. Stanford, “AI4AEC - How can Computer Vision and Mixed Reality help AEC? - Marc Pollefeys, Professor, CS, ETH Zurich.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[245] D. S. Stanford, “AI4AEC - A Human-Centered Perspective on Collaboration with Robots - Dorsa Sadigh.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[246] C. B. Stanford Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza, “AI4AEC - Robots for Construction - Cynthia Brosque, Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[306] “Hilti unveils its first exoskeleton,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[387] “MEP Subcontractors Exemplify the Rise of the New Manufacturer.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

6.c Smart buildings: IT+OT; IoT, digital twin, big data – analytics & processing, sensors, AI, proptech, etc.

[34] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The innovations transforming society in Singapore. #singapore #technology #COVID19 #coronavirus #society,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[36] L. A. CNN, “New York’s MTA is asking Apple to create a Face ID that works with masks,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[233] “Wayfair reverses loss trend as pandemic volumes improve logistics network utilization,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[234] “From visibility software to pallet picks: How Tillamook planned inventory as demand soared,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[239] M. P. Stanford, “AI4AEC - How can Computer Vision and Mixed Reality help AEC? - Marc Pollefeys, Professor, CS, ETH Zurich.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[241] S. Y. Stanford, “AI4AEC - AI4Health: Toward Ambient Intelligence in AI-Assisted Healthcare Spaces - Serena Yeung.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[246] C. B. Stanford Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza, “AI4AEC - Robots for Construction - Cynthia Brosque, Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[313] “Data Visualization | Microsoft Power BI.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[314] “Business Dashboard - Domo’s BI Dashboards Have the Data You Need | Domo.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[315] FM:Systems, “Strategic Planning When Returning to the Workplace - webcast recording.” (accessed Aug. 25, 2020).

[316] “COVID-19 ReEntry Care Package | Angus Systems.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[317] “essensys - Flexible Workspace Software - Workspace Management,” essensys. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[318] “IoT Platform – Enlighted.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[368] “Live Field Data Collection: Is Construction There Yet?” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[408] “ConTech Conversations: BIM, VDC adoption keeps growing,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

6.d Other concepts (VDC, management, blockchain, smart contracts)

[34] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The innovations transforming society in Singapore. #singapore #technology #COVID19 #coronavirus #society,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[220] “Deere invests in smart equipment,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[235] “Blockchain’s fate under COVID-19,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[380] “3 technologies FedEx’s CIO geeks out on,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[408] “ConTech Conversations: BIM, VDC adoption keeps growing,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

6.e COVID-19 related innovations (for public); contact tracing, etc.

[34] “World Economic Forum on Instagram: ‘The innovations transforming society in Singapore. #singapore #technology #COVID19 #coronavirus #society,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[35] “Wearable Tech Enters the Fight Against Covid-19,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 19, 2020.

[36] L. A. CNN, “New York’s MTA is asking Apple to create a Face ID that works with masks,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[237] “Why cold chain tracking and IoT sensors are vital to the success of a COVID-19 vaccine,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[276] “Home - Join TM,” Join Digital Inc. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[296] “Trimble Buildings: Stay Compliant and Safe Without the Downtime.” (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[298] “Rosendin uses industrial coolers to spray disinfectant on jobsites,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[308] “Lynxspring - Building Automation and Management Systems,” Lynxspring. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[309] “Data-Driven Workplace Space Utilization Solutions,” CoWorkr. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[310] “Blue Box Air | Innovating Air.” (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[313] “Data Visualization | Microsoft Power BI.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[314] “Business Dashboard - Domo’s BI Dashboards Have the Data You Need | Domo.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[315] FM:Systems, “Strategic Planning When Returning to the Workplace - webcast recording.” (accessed Aug. 25, 2020).

[316] “COVID-19 ReEntry Care Package | Angus Systems.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[317] “essensys - Flexible Workspace Software - Workspace Management,” essensys. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[318] “IoT Platform – Enlighted.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

6.f Cybersecurity / Privacy

[35] “Wearable Tech Enters the Fight Against Covid-19,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 19, 2020.

[36] L. A. CNN, “New York’s MTA is asking Apple to create a Face ID that works with masks,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[227] “ABC launches Tech Alliance to aid small, midsize contractors,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[241] S. Y. Stanford, “AI4AEC - AI4Health: Toward Ambient Intelligence in AI-Assisted Healthcare Spaces - Serena Yeung.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[276] “Home - Join TM,” Join Digital Inc. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[303] Realcomm, “Webinar: COVID-19 Legal Issues and Considerations for Commercial and Corporate Real Estate.” (accessed Aug. 05, 2020).

[308] “Lynxspring - Building Automation and Management Systems,” Lynxspring. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[309] “Data-Driven Workplace Space Utilization Solutions,” CoWorkr. (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[310] “Blue Box Air | Innovating Air.” (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[312] “EMS Software | Enterprise-Class Workspace and Campus Management Platform.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[313] “Data Visualization | Microsoft Power BI.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[314] “Business Dashboard - Domo’s BI Dashboards Have the Data You Need | Domo.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[315] FM:Systems, “Strategic Planning When Returning to the Workplace - webcast recording.” (accessed Aug. 25, 2020).

[316] “COVID-19 ReEntry Care Package | Angus Systems.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[317] “essensys - Flexible Workspace Software - Workspace Management,” essensys. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[318] “IoT Platform – Enlighted.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[319] “Innovative Parking Solutions | Welcome to FlashParking,” Flash Parking. (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

7. Buildings & cities for a next normal

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[5] S. L. E. CNN, “Frontline workers wearing PPE still at more than three times the risk of Covid-19 infection, new study finds,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[8] “Bloomberg Business on Instagram: ‘Would you rather take a packed subway or tour bus to work? Using a tourist conveyance as proper public transport is a novel post-pandemic…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[30] “Measure the risk of airborne COVID-19 in your office, classroom, or bus ride,” Science, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[54] R. G. and J. H. CNN, “We’re facing a ‘generational catastrophe’ in education, UN warns,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[55] “Bloomberg Business on Instagram: ‘Via @citylab: Communities that rely on student spending and higher education jobs are struggling with fiscal woes and Covid-19 fears as the…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[56] “Fauci Says Face Shields Good Idea for Teachers Back in Schools,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[57] “The risks of keeping schools closed far outweigh the benefits,” The Economist.

[59] “Most Americans do not want to send their children back to school,” The Economist, Aug. 07, 2020.

[61] D. S. G. Correspondent CNN Chief Medical, “Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Why I am not sending my kids back to school,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[64] C. M. CNN Holly Yan and Amir Vera, “K-12 schools and colleges can reopen, but safety should come first, Fauci says,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[128] “New York Museums Reopen With Masks, Sanitizers and No Crowds,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 28, 2020.

[139] “American Cities Brace for a Future With Even Greater Inequality,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 13, 2020.

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[173] “Readers Respond: Contractors worried about future infrastructure work,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[176] “Orange County Convention Center joins hospitality projects halted by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[179] “$9.6B worth of infrastructure projects delayed or canceled during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[180] “2020.07.28_ARTBA_COVID19RevImpact_v18_Public.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 27, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[191] “Warehousing, manufacturing employment below pre-pandemic levels as peak nears,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[229] “Will climate change cause infrastructure to bend or break? | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[241] S. Y. Stanford, “AI4AEC - AI4Health: Toward Ambient Intelligence in AI-Assisted Healthcare Spaces - Serena Yeung.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[250] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Gia Biagi | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[252] “Open Air: New Ways We Can Live Together in Nature,” ArchDaily, Aug. 06, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[254] “Top 10 cities for construction workers,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[260] “The Pandemic Can Break Architectural Education Out of the Cloister for Good,” ArchDaily, Aug. 19, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[262] “Rojkind Arquitectos Proposes A ‘Mourning Claim’ Memorial for Coronavirus Victims,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[263] “World’s First Large-Scale COVID Memorial Designed for Victims of the Pandemic,” ArchDaily, Aug. 19, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[264] “Post-COVID, More Office Designs Include Permanent Outdoor Workspaces,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[268] webmaster@governor.virginia.gov, “Virginia Governor Ralph Northam - July.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[288] “California DOT repaves highway with recycled plastic bottles,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[289] M. Taub and J. Stanislaski, “From Environmental Racism to Climate Justice | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[290] “American Society of Civil Engineers Unveils Interactive Map of Construction-Ready Infrastructure Projects in the United States | ASCE.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[294] “Atelier Marko Brajovic Creates Home Office Capsule That Fits in Any House,” ArchDaily, Aug. 28, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[300] “Building a factory during a pandemic: an owner’s perspective,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[304] “Reconsidering School Design: Indoor and Outdoor Learning as a Solution for a Healthy Future,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[322] “Salon Alper Derinbogaz designs ‘pandemic resistant’ office for Istanbul,” Dezeen, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[331] “MASS Design Group Creates COVID-19 Guide for Senior Housing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[332] “Nestbox is a modular trunk extension that turns cars into campers,” Dezeen, Aug. 04, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[333] “Underground House Plan B is a hideout for the next global crisis,” Dezeen, Jul. 02, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[335] “CetraRuddy - The Craft of Inspired Design,” CetraRuddy Website. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[340] “Outdoor Dining Could Become Permanent in NYC as Architects Innovate,” ArchDaily, Aug. 10, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[387] “MEP Subcontractors Exemplify the Rise of the New Manufacturer.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[391] “Home Depot adds 3 warehouses as DIY demand grows,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[392] “$1.97B Allegiant Stadium reaches end zone,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[398] “High-speed rail projects move forward despite coronavirus,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[400] “Marriott trims US hotel plans, cancels development meeting,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[401] “Drone video shows rapid progress at Austin, Texas, Tesla site,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[407] “Contractors file $16M of liens on Royal Caribbean’s Miami headquarters project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[413] “Chicago’s Bid to Reinvent the Corner Store,” Bloomberg.com, Jul. 31, 2020.

[416] “Building a restaurant? Better make it a drive-thru,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[417] “Brazilian Maps from the Venice Biennale 2018 On Sale To Fight Coronavirus in the Amazon,” ArchDaily, Aug. 30, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[420] “Cooper Robertson.” (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[421] “WXY.” (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[422] “The New York Times on Instagram: ‘Should your children attend if local schools reopen their classrooms, and risk being exposed to the coronavirus? Or should they stay home…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[423] “Princeton Scraps Plan to Return Undergraduates to Campus,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 07, 2020.

[424] A. Holmes, “Amazon reportedly wants to take over JCPenney and Sears stores to turn malls into giant fulfillment centers,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[425] “Coronavirus: What’s happening with university admissions?,” BBC News, Aug. 19, 2020.

[426] “Shuhei Goto Architects turns lecture hall into multi-level work space,” Dezeen, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

7.a Healthcare facilities

[5] S. L. E. CNN, “Frontline workers wearing PPE still at more than three times the risk of Covid-19 infection, new study finds,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[241] S. Y. Stanford, “AI4AEC - AI4Health: Toward Ambient Intelligence in AI-Assisted Healthcare Spaces - Serena Yeung.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[387] “MEP Subcontractors Exemplify the Rise of the New Manufacturer.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

7.b Offices

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[30] “Measure the risk of airborne COVID-19 in your office, classroom, or bus ride,” Science, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[264] “Post-COVID, More Office Designs Include Permanent Outdoor Workspaces,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[268] webmaster@governor.virginia.gov, “Virginia Governor Ralph Northam - July.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[322] “Salon Alper Derinbogaz designs ‘pandemic resistant’ office for Istanbul,” Dezeen, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[407] “Contractors file $16M of liens on Royal Caribbean’s Miami headquarters project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[426] “Shuhei Goto Architects turns lecture hall into multi-level work space,” Dezeen, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

7.c. Residential buildings

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[252] “Open Air: New Ways We Can Live Together in Nature,” ArchDaily, Aug. 06, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[292] “Employees and employers both face trade-offs as offices reopen,” The Economist, Aug. 01, 2020.

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[294] “Atelier Marko Brajovic Creates Home Office Capsule That Fits in Any House,” ArchDaily, Aug. 28, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[331] “MASS Design Group Creates COVID-19 Guide for Senior Housing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[332] “Nestbox is a modular trunk extension that turns cars into campers,” Dezeen, Aug. 04, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[333] “Underground House Plan B is a hideout for the next global crisis,” Dezeen, Jul. 02, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

7.d Commercial buildings & mix-use programs (retail, entertainment, hospitality, sports); Industrial buildings

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[128] “New York Museums Reopen With Masks, Sanitizers and No Crowds,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 28, 2020.

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[176] “Orange County Convention Center joins hospitality projects halted by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[179] “$9.6B worth of infrastructure projects delayed or canceled during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[180] “2020.07.28_ARTBA_COVID19RevImpact_v18_Public.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 27, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[191] “Warehousing, manufacturing employment below pre-pandemic levels as peak nears,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[225] “How six companies are using technology and data to transform themselves | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[262] “Rojkind Arquitectos Proposes A ‘Mourning Claim’ Memorial for Coronavirus Victims,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[263] “World’s First Large-Scale COVID Memorial Designed for Victims of the Pandemic,” ArchDaily, Aug. 19, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[290] “American Society of Civil Engineers Unveils Interactive Map of Construction-Ready Infrastructure Projects in the United States | ASCE.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[293] K. Mozes and A. Brower, “How Workplace Design Can Ease Anxiety and Feelings of Isolation | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[300] “Building a factory during a pandemic: an owner’s perspective,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[340] “Outdoor Dining Could Become Permanent in NYC as Architects Innovate,” ArchDaily, Aug. 10, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[360] Realcomm, “Webinar: Assessing and Mitigating Future Risk: Best Practices and Analytics for Commercial Landlords.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[366] “Food distributors, restaurants reinvent business models in a scramble to survive,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[387] “MEP Subcontractors Exemplify the Rise of the New Manufacturer.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[391] “Home Depot adds 3 warehouses as DIY demand grows,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[392] “$1.97B Allegiant Stadium reaches end zone,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[397] “DHL rolls out AI-based pick routing tool that integrates with WMS, ERP,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[400] “Marriott trims US hotel plans, cancels development meeting,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[401] “Drone video shows rapid progress at Austin, Texas, Tesla site,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[403] “Lumber prices soar due to shutdowns, higher demand,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[407] “Contractors file $16M of liens on Royal Caribbean’s Miami headquarters project,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[413] “Chicago’s Bid to Reinvent the Corner Store,” Bloomberg.com, Jul. 31, 2020.

[416] “Building a restaurant? Better make it a drive-thru,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[417] “Brazilian Maps from the Venice Biennale 2018 On Sale To Fight Coronavirus in the Amazon,” ArchDaily, Aug. 30, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[424] A. Holmes, “Amazon reportedly wants to take over JCPenney and Sears stores to turn malls into giant fulfillment centers,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

7.e Education; buildings

[30] “Measure the risk of airborne COVID-19 in your office, classroom, or bus ride,” Science, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[54] R. G. and J. H. CNN, “We’re facing a ‘generational catastrophe’ in education, UN warns,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[55] “Bloomberg Business on Instagram: ‘Via @citylab: Communities that rely on student spending and higher education jobs are struggling with fiscal woes and Covid-19 fears as the…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[56] “Fauci Says Face Shields Good Idea for Teachers Back in Schools,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[57] “The risks of keeping schools closed far outweigh the benefits,” The Economist.

[59] “Most Americans do not want to send their children back to school,” The Economist, Aug. 07, 2020.

[61] D. S. G. Correspondent CNN Chief Medical, “Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Why I am not sending my kids back to school,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[64] C. M. CNN Holly Yan and Amir Vera, “K-12 schools and colleges can reopen, but safety should come first, Fauci says,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[192] “Shawmut higher ed project utilizes cross-laminated timber for speed, flexibility,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[260] “The Pandemic Can Break Architectural Education Out of the Cloister for Good,” ArchDaily, Aug. 19, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[304] “Reconsidering School Design: Indoor and Outdoor Learning as a Solution for a Healthy Future,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[322] “Salon Alper Derinbogaz designs ‘pandemic resistant’ office for Istanbul,” Dezeen, Aug. 24, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[335] “CetraRuddy - The Craft of Inspired Design,” CetraRuddy Website. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[420] “Cooper Robertson.” (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[421] “WXY.” (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[422] “The New York Times on Instagram: ‘Should your children attend if local schools reopen their classrooms, and risk being exposed to the coronavirus? Or should they stay home…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[423] “Princeton Scraps Plan to Return Undergraduates to Campus,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 07, 2020.

[425] “Coronavirus: What’s happening with university admissions?,” BBC News, Aug. 19, 2020.

[426] “Shuhei Goto Architects turns lecture hall into multi-level work space,” Dezeen, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

7.f Renovation/ Revitalization (adaptive re-use projects)

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[173] “Readers Respond: Contractors worried about future infrastructure work,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[176] “Orange County Convention Center joins hospitality projects halted by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[229] “Will climate change cause infrastructure to bend or break? | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[331] “MASS Design Group Creates COVID-19 Guide for Senior Housing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[362] “Modular Monitor: Beyond emergency medical projects, demand takes a hit,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[395] “Logistics companies plan to use AI, data to ship goods ahead of purchase orders: survey,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[424] A. Holmes, “Amazon reportedly wants to take over JCPenney and Sears stores to turn malls into giant fulfillment centers,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[426] “Shuhei Goto Architects turns lecture hall into multi-level work space,” Dezeen, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

7.g City planning; Smart cities / Infrastructure / Landscape & marine projects

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[8] “Bloomberg Business on Instagram: ‘Would you rather take a packed subway or tour bus to work? Using a tourist conveyance as proper public transport is a novel post-pandemic…,’” Instagram. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[139] “American Cities Brace for a Future With Even Greater Inequality,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 13, 2020.

[173] “Readers Respond: Contractors worried about future infrastructure work,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[174] “The 10 large construction markets most devastated by COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[179] “$9.6B worth of infrastructure projects delayed or canceled during COVID-19,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[180] “2020.07.28_ARTBA_COVID19RevImpact_v18_Public.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 27, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[182] “AECOM ups guidance after mixed Q3 results, resumes talks to sell units,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[186] “The COVID-19 conundrum: Money is available for new construction projects, but few are breaking ground,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[229] “Will climate change cause infrastructure to bend or break? | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[250] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Gia Biagi | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[252] “Open Air: New Ways We Can Live Together in Nature,” ArchDaily, Aug. 06, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[253] “COVID-19’s urban exodus will force supply chains to adapt,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[254] “Top 10 cities for construction workers,” Construction Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[262] “Rojkind Arquitectos Proposes A ‘Mourning Claim’ Memorial for Coronavirus Victims,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[263] “World’s First Large-Scale COVID Memorial Designed for Victims of the Pandemic,” ArchDaily, Aug. 19, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[277] “Investing for the long term: ‘Be patient and focus on the big trends’ | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[288] “California DOT repaves highway with recycled plastic bottles,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[289] M. Taub and J. Stanislaski, “From Environmental Racism to Climate Justice | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[359] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Digital Twin Consortium,” website. (accessed Aug. 07, 2020).

[369] “A Multilayered City: Strategies for Community Development and Affordable Housing - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[377] H. K. Gbc and J. Gbc, “Bringing embodied carbon upfront,” p. 35.

[378] “Level(s) Sustainable buildings - Green growth and circular economy - Environment - European Commission.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[379] “What is an EPD? - The International EPD® System.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[398] “High-speed rail projects move forward despite coronavirus,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[410] “Industry Pulse: The latest construction data and statistics,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[413] “Chicago’s Bid to Reinvent the Corner Store,” Bloomberg.com, Jul. 31, 2020.

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[419] “COVID-19 Design Toolkit for Social Distancing and Wayfinding,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

8. Silver lining

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[193] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Bok Nam Lee | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[238] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 1: Navigating the Spectrum of Technology Solutions for Re-Occupancy.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[283] Stanford University, “Productivity, Creativity, & Focus in a Chaotic World | Office of Postdoctoral Affairs.” (accessed Aug. 11, 2020).

[287] “Recycling Tiles: 15 Examples of Repurposed Tiles in Walls, Facades, Flooring, and Furniture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 21, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[301] “Demand for partitions and face shields is booming. How a plastic fabricator is adapting its supply chain,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[427] D. Keyes, “Walmart-Instacart partnership rivals Amazon with same-day delivery pilot,” Business Insider. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

9. Future predictions

[3] “The Future of the Sharing Economy in the COVID-19 Aftermath,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[26] “Safeguarding the lifeblood of American healthcare: An interview with the CEO of AmerisourceBergen | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[44] A. V. Silicon Valley Forum, Changing Lanes: The Future of Transportation in a Post COVID-19 Era. 2020.

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[170] “Drastic change as a result of coronavirus is ‘wishful thinking’ says Rem Koolhaas,” Dezeen, Jul. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 07, 2020).

[175] “Infrastructure starts plummet 31% in July, other sectors make small gains,” Construction Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[189] “The Pandemic Workday Is 48 Minutes Longer and Has More Meetings,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 03, 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[194] I. A. Stanford Martin Fischer, “AI4AEC - Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) Concluding Remarks: Iro Armeni, Martin Fischer.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[228] “‘Practices Must Remain Agile’: Slack’s Evelyn Lee on the Future of Working Together,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[229] “Will climate change cause infrastructure to bend or break? | McKinsey.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[230] “Urgent Issue: 10 Strategies to Decarbonize Architecture,” ArchDaily, Jul. 27, 2020. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[239] M. P. Stanford, “AI4AEC - How can Computer Vision and Mixed Reality help AEC? - Marc Pollefeys, Professor, CS, ETH Zurich.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[240] E. M. Stanford Filippo Ranalli, “AI4AEC - AI in Structural Engineering Today - Eduardo Miranda, Filippo Ranalli.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[241] S. Y. Stanford, “AI4AEC - AI4Health: Toward Ambient Intelligence in AI-Assisted Healthcare Spaces - Serena Yeung.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[242] A. T. Stanford Jiajun Wu, “AI4AEC - Differentiable Architects; Architectural Design - Alberto Tono, Jiajun Wu.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[243] A. D. B. Stanford Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad, “AI4AEC - Prototyping with VR – Anton Dy Buncio, Renate Fruchter, Robert Konrad.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[244] I. A. Stanford Andrew Cameron, “AI4AEC - It’s all about trust; As-Is Information - Iro Armeni, Andrew Cameron.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[245] D. S. Stanford, “AI4AEC - A Human-Centered Perspective on Collaboration with Robots - Dorsa Sadigh.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[246] C. B. Stanford Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza, “AI4AEC - Robots for Construction - Cynthia Brosque, Elena Galbally Herrero, Rolando Mendoza.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[247] A. A. Stanford Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur, “AI4AEC - Facility Management - Andrew Arnold, Rishee Jain, Bruce Mace, Kushagra Thakur.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[248] J. N. Stanford, “AI4AEC: AI4Law: AI & Contract Law - Julian Nyarko.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[251] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Vitor Aly | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[252] “Open Air: New Ways We Can Live Together in Nature,” ArchDaily, Aug. 06, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[255] “The strategy behind turning department stores into warehouses,” Supply Chain Dive. (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[257] D. Fullbright and D. Lyons, “The Office Building of the Future Should Be an Essential Part of Its Community | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Sep. 28, 2020).

[258] M. Murphy, R. Tyson, and J. Wynn, “Graph by Gensler: Spatial Analytics for Design | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[260] “The Pandemic Can Break Architectural Education Out of the Cloister for Good,” ArchDaily, Aug. 19, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[261] “Vicente Guallart Wins Self-Sufficient City Competition for Post-Coronavirus China,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[264] “Post-COVID, More Office Designs Include Permanent Outdoor Workspaces,” ArchDaily, Aug. 20, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[304] “Reconsidering School Design: Indoor and Outdoor Learning as a Solution for a Healthy Future,” ArchDaily, Aug. 18, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[305] “Coronavirus’ business impact: Evolving perspective | McKinsey: COVID-19 and the great reset: Briefing note #18, August 13, 2020.” (accessed Oct. 03, 2020).

[320] “The Future of Museums: Alexandra Cunningham Cameron, Cooper Hewitt - Calendar - AIA New York / Center for Architecture,” Calendar - AIA New York | Center for Architecture, Jul. 08, 2020. (accessed Aug. 04, 2020).

[321] “What high-rise buildings will be like in 2030 | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[331] “MASS Design Group Creates COVID-19 Guide for Senior Housing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[341] “Letter From Nigeria: Coronavirus and the African City,” ArchDaily, Aug. 14, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[386] Stanford University, “AI4AEC- Is AI ready for the building industry? (and vice-versa) - Introduction Day 1 Martin Fischer and Iro Armeni.” (accessed Sep. 20, 2020).

[418] “A Post-Pandemic Futuristic Middle School and a Super Green Campus in Shenzhen: 12 Unbuilt Projects Submitted by our Readers,” ArchDaily, Aug. 26, 2020. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

10. Official Strategies / Guidelines // Rules / Regulations

[28] S. L. and J. H. CNN, “Are you immune to Covid-19 for three months after recovering? It’s not clear,” CNN. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[30] “Measure the risk of airborne COVID-19 in your office, classroom, or bus ride,” Science, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 08, 2020).

[45] S. Aridi, “How to Prepare for Your Return to the Office,” The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2020.

[46] “LTL Architects Releases Manual of Physical Distancing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 13, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[52] “How to Fight Disease in the 1880s: Fresh Air,” Bloomberg.com, Aug. 01, 2020.

[67] “Fitwel: Research to Action: Building Health for All®in the Face of COVID-19.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[169] Schneider Electric, Innovation Talk Webinar: Sustainability in the New Normal. 2020.

[190] Realcomm, “Webinar: Health, Wellness and Productivity Session 2: Technologies and Sensors that Help Limit Exposure to COVID-19 in Office Buildings and Retail Space.” (accessed Sep. 22, 2020).

[256] G. Dougherty, “Learning from the Pandemic to Create More Equitable Community Engagement | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[259] “Columbia | CBIPS: AEC Industry Experiences from COVID-19 by Penghua Zhou | Center for Buildings, Infrastructure, and Public Spaces.” (accessed Jul. 30, 2020).

[266] International WELL Building Institute, “Behind the Scenes with the Yankees and the Cowboys— Playing Ball in the Age of COVID-19 - Zoom.” (accessed Sep. 30, 2020).

[268] webmaster@governor.virginia.gov, “Virginia Governor Ralph Northam - July.” (accessed Oct. 01, 2020).

[289] M. Taub and J. Stanislaski, “From Environmental Racism to Climate Justice | Dialogue Blog | Research & Insight,” Gensler. (accessed Oct. 05, 2020).

[310] “Blue Box Air | Innovating Air.” (accessed Sep. 23, 2020).

[331] “MASS Design Group Creates COVID-19 Guide for Senior Housing,” ArchDaily, Aug. 11, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[334] “‘The pyramids of the future’: Sustainable design and construction of high-rises | McKinsey.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[340] “Outdoor Dining Could Become Permanent in NYC as Architects Innovate,” ArchDaily, Aug. 10, 2020. (accessed Oct. 06, 2020).

[361] “Company Handbook | Open Forum.” (accessed Sep. 27, 2020).

[370] “The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment,” World Green Building Council. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[371] R. A. Begum, C. Siwar, J. J. Pereira, and A. H. Jaafar, “A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: The case of Malaysia,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 86–98, Jul. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.01.004.

[372] S. Null, “Zero Carbon Buildings for All,” WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, Sep. 06, 2018. (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[373] “Embodied_Carbon_Review_2018.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[374] “lca-leaflet_brazil.pdf.” Accessed: Sep. 29, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[375] “Life Cycle Assessment - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

[376] “Why buildings? Our key messages | Globalabc.” (accessed Sep. 29, 2020).

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Monthly Reports (PDF)

The full reports with detailed analysis and systematization of the references can be downloaded below.

2020:   April       May       June       July       August       September       October       November       December      

2021:  January     February     March

References

The links to the subpages with systematized references are at the bottom of this page. The lists of references allow the reader "a deeper dive" into specific topics.

2020:  April       May       June       July       August       September       October       November       December     

2021:  January    February     March

Research Team

Lead Researcher: Natasa Mrazovic
Prinicipal Investigator: Martin Fischer
Website: Junwen Zheng, Marc Ramsey, Andrew Peterman
Comments or Questions: cife-aec-pandemic-research@stanford.edu