Skip to content Skip to navigation

AEC and Pandemic

Pandemic Research Home

Systematized References  (May 2020)

 

0. Global socio-economic, geo-political developments affecting AEC (indirectly) [100] [101] [102] [103] [104] [105][106] [107] [71][108][109][79] [78] [77] [75] [83] [92] [70] [48] [58] [110] [111] [112][113] [44][43][42][59][60] [114] [115] [116] [117] [118] [119][61] [62] [49] [50] [63][120][67][85] [14] [31] [121] [122] [17] [18][123] [36][35] [34][33] [32] [37][38][39] [40][41] [45] [46][47] [51] [52][55][53][54][56] [65] [28] [29] [27] [57] [81] [70] [7][8][9] [10] [11] [20] [21][4] [19] [5] [6] [23] [25] [24] [12] [13][22] [30] [124]
1. (Advance) planning – short- & long-term strategies [125] [126] [127] [128] [129] [130] [131] [132] [133] [101] [102] [103] [104] [134] [82] [105][135] [136] [137] [138] [139] [2] [140] [68] [106] [107] [71][108][109][141] [142] [90][92] [70] [143] [58] [110] [111] [112][113] [44][114] [74] [144] [145] [146] [115] [116] [117] [118] [147] [148][149] [84] [119][49] [50] [150] [151] [152][89] [85] [153] [154] [15] [121] [122] [155]
1.a Businesses (economy sectors) / projects [125] [126] [127] [129] [132] [101] [102] [104] [134] [82] [135] [137] [138] [139] [2] [140] [68] [107] [71][108][109][141] [92] [70] [143] [58] [110] [112][113] [44][74] [116] [117] [118] [148][149] [84] [119][150] [151] [152][89] [85] [153] [154] [15] [121] [122] [155]
1.b Individuals [130] [131] [136] [138] [139] [2] [140] [109][92] [58] [110] [112][113] [74] [84] [49] [50]
1.c Green future – opportunity to address climate change [103] [82] [68] [106] [71][108][109][92] [70] [143] [111] [114] [74] [144] [145] [146] [115]
2. Open communication and collaboration [125] [133] [127] [129] [102] [104] [82] [109][141] [89] [156] [157]
3. Procedures of shifting workflows [125] [158] [133] [127] [132] [101] [102] [104] [134] [82] [105][135] [136] [137] [138] [139] [2] [140] [68] [159] [160] [107] [161] [162] [163] [71][79] [78] [77] [141] [75] [83] [142] [90][92] [70] [143] [58] [110] [164] [44][43][42][76] [165] [166] [167] [114] [74] [144] [145] [146] [168] [147] [148][149] [66] [128] [84] [86] [80] [169] [170] [171] [172] [173] [2] [174] [175] [176] [61] [62] [63][177] [89] [178] [87] [88] [120][85] [153] [15] [179] [180] [181] [182] [183]
3.a Current situation [132] [129] [127] [128] [133] [101] [102] [104] [134] [82] [105][135] [137] [68] [107] [161] [162] [163] [71][79] [78] [77] [75] [83] [142] [90][92] [70] [58] [110] [164] [44][43][42][76] [114] [74] [144] [145] [146] [168] [147] [148][149] [66] [84] [86] [80] [169] [170] [171] [172] [173] [2] [174] [175] [176] [61] [62] [63][89] [178] [87] [88] [85] [153] [15]
3.b WFH [133] [127] [132] [104] [82] [135] [68] [159] [142] [92] [58] [110] [165] [166] [74] [168] [147] [148][149] [66] [87] [88] [120][15] [179] [180] [181] [182] [183]
3.c Site procedures [158] [133] [127] [132] [101] [104] [82] [105][135] [137] [141] [92] [76] [84] [177] [85]
3.d Supply chain [133] [127] [132] [101] [102] [104] [105][160] [141] [92] [70] [44][43][42][76] [89] [85]
3.e Workspace re-entry [127] [132] [134] [82] [136] [137] [138] [139] [2] [140] [68] [163] [83] [92] [70] [143] [110] [164] [76] [165] [166] [167] [114] [74] [168] [147] [148][149] [84] [169] [170] [171] [172] [173] [2] [175] [176] [178] [87] [88] [85] [15]
4. Health and safety of employees [125] [184] [158] [133] [127] [129] [132] [101] [102] [103] [104] [134] [82] [105][135] [136] [137] [138] [139] [2] [140] [68] [92] [70] [143] [110] [147] [148][149] [66] [84] [169] [170] [171] [172] [173] [2] [174] [175] [178] [67][156] [157] [85] [153] [31]
5. Management of employees in crisis [133] [127] [132] [101] [102] [104] [134] [82] [68] [107] [141] [92] [70] [143] [110] [168] [147] [84] [169] [170] [171] [172] [173] [2] [174] [175] [183]
6. Adoption of new technologies [125] [133] [127] [129] [104] [134] [82] [68] [107] [141] [142] [92] [143] [185] [114] [168] [147] [66] [186] [187] [109][188] [189] [190][191][192] [193] [150] [151] [152][177] [194][89] [85] [153] [154] [15]
6.a Virtual communication & collaboration (Zoom, BIM360, etc.) [104] [134] [82] [68] [142] [92] [143] [114] [168] [147] [66] [186] [187] [154] [15]
6.b Robotics, Automation, Mobile Unmanned Systems (MUS) [107] [92] [114] [177] [194][85] [15]
6.c Smart buildings (data analytics, processing, sensors, contact tracing, etc.) [134] [68] [107] [92] [143] [114] [153] [15]
6.d Other concepts (VDC, management, blockchain, smart contracts) [134] [82] [107] [141] [142] [92] [143] [185] [114] [150] [151] [152][89] [154] [15]
6.e COVID-19 related innovations for public [58] [109][188] [189] [190][191][192] [193]
7. Buildings & cities for a next normal [195] [196] [184] [158] [133] [127] [129] [132] [103] [134] [82] [105][68] [71][143] [197] [198] [199] [200] [201] [202] [203][204] [205] [206][207] [208] [209][210] [211] [165] [164] [212] [166] [213] [214] [215] [216] [217] [218] [219] [220] [221] [222][223][224] [225][226][227] [167] [114] [74] [144] [145] [146] [168] [148][149] [178] [153] [57] [10] [11]
7.a Healthcare facilities [158] [134] [68] [197] [198] [199] [200] [201] [202] [203][204] [205] [206][207] [208] [209][114] [178] [153]
7.b Offices [127] [132] [134] [68] [71][143] [165] [164] [166] [215] [216] [217] [218] [219] [220] [222][223][224] [225][167] [114] [74] [168] [178] [153]
7.c Residential buildings [129] [132] [103] [134] [71][143] [166] [213] [215] [219] [221] [114] [74] [178] [153]
7.d Commercial buildings & mix-use programs (retail, entertainment, hospitality, sports) [129] [132] [134] [71][143] [212] [166] [216] [217] [218] [219] [220] [222][223][224] [225][122] [114] [74] [178] [153] [57] [11]
7.e Education buildings [68] [71][155] [166] [216] [225][122] [114] [148][149] [178] [153] [10]
7.f Renovation/ revitalization / adaptive re-use projects [68] [71][155] [166] [213] [214] [215] [216] [217] [218] [219] [220] [221] [222][223][224] [225][226][114] [74] [178] [153]
7.g City planning [103] [68] [210] [211] [217] [218] [219] [221] [223][225][227] [114] [74] [144] [145] [146] [168] [178]
7.h New rules/ regulations (statements yet) [196] [133] [129] [71][143] [114] [178]
8. Silver lining [125] [158] [133] [127] [129] [132] [101] [102] [103] [104] [134] [82] [135] [68] [107] [71][108][109][90][92] [70] [143] [110] [165] [212] [166] [214] [227] [114] [74] [168] [156] [157] [15] [65] [27]
9. Future predictions [125] [91] [133] [127] [129] [132] [101] [102] [103] [104] [134] [82] [105][135] [68] [107] [71][108][109][90][92] [70] [143] [110] [42][165] [212] [166] [214] [227] [167] [114] [74] [115] [168] [118] [148][149] [86] [89] [85] [15] [31] [121] [122] [65] [28] [29] [27] [30]

 

[1] “COVID-19 Map - Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center.” https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html (accessed Jun. 01, 2020).

[2] CDC, “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19),” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Feb. 11, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[3] “Brazil Could Be the World’s Next Coronavirus Hot Spot - The Atlantic.” https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2020/05/brazil-coronavirus-hot-spot-bolsonaro/611401/ (accessed Jun. 01, 2020).

[4] H. Pettersson et al., “These countries and regions have seen the most coronavirus deaths,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/interactive/2020/health/coronavirus-daily-deaths-by-continent (accessed May 22, 2020).

[5] B. Julia H. CNN Adam Renton, Amy Woodyatt and “May 5 coronavirus news,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/world/live-news/coronavirus-pandemic-05-05-20-intl/index.html (accessed May 23, 2020).

[6] “CEPI | New Vaccines For A Safer World,” CEPI. https://cepi.net/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[7] “Few Green Shoots in Scorched Earth U.S.: Recovery Tracker,” Bloomberg.com.

[8] “Infection rate rises in Germany as lockdown eases,” BBC News, May 10, 2020.

[9] B. Z. R. CNN Joshua Berlinger and Adam Renton, “May 14 coronavirus news,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/world/live-news/coronavirus-pandemic-05-14-20-intl/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[10] B. Julia H. CNN Adam Renton and Tara John, “May 19 coronavirus news,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/world/live-news/coronavirus-pandemic-05-19-20-intl/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[11] B. D. C. and L. M. CNN, “Shanghai Disneyland reopens with timed entry and social distancing,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/shanghai-disneyland-reopens-intl-hnk/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[12] “Watch.” https://www.facebook.com/watch/cnn/2378400332429737/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[13] “Does Texas Know Something California Doesn’t?,” Bloomberg.com, May 04, 2020.

[14] “Executive expectations around coronavirus | McKinsey.” https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/strategy-and-corporate-finance/our-insights/in-the-tunnel-executive-expectations-about-the-shape-of-the-coronavirus-crisis (accessed May 26, 2020).

[15] “Stanford SPIRE Innovation Series: Accelerating the Future of Construction,” VIATechnik, May 22, 2020. https://stanford.zoom.us/w/97298610849?tk=kVMtEnu_vm-HDDHSdDq9oCPOa8WJEWN2dpqgmPGEbg4.DQIAAAAWp3L6oRZBY19KOEc5UVR2cWNYVHBRVTBOYnBBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA&pwd=TmRpSUJwV2ZiOVEvenE1aEFFY2E5QT09&uuid=WN_0lRqs9feTZqoF5cE_sty7Q (accessed May 22, 2020).

[16] “McKinsey & Company | Global management consulting.” https://www.mckinsey.com (accessed May 26, 2020).

[17] “Obama says White House response to coronavirus has been ‘absolute chaotic disaster’ - CNNPolitics.” https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/09/politics/obama-trump-coronavirus-response-flynn-case/index.html?utm_medium=social&utm_source=fbCNN&utm_content=2020-05-09T14%3A00%3A40&utm_term=link (accessed May 23, 2020).

[18] “Obama says US virus response a ‘chaotic disaster,’” BBC News, May 10, 2020.

[19] “Risks of a Second Virus Wave Are Making Market Watchers Nervous - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-12/market-analysts-are-getting-nervous-about-a-second-wave-of-virus?utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&utm_content=business&cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social (accessed May 22, 2020).

[20] “Why a New Virus Cluster in China Is Triggering Alarms - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-21/why-a-new-virus-cluster-in-china-is-triggering-alarms-quicktake?cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business&utm_source=facebook&utm_content=business&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&utm_medium=social (accessed May 22, 2020).

[21] “Over 100 Million in China’s Northeast Face Renewed Lockdown,” Bloomberg.com, May 18, 2020.

[22] M. H. CNN, “Life will never be the same after the pandemic passes, says public health journalist,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/08/us/life-after-coronavirus-changed-laurie-garrett/index.html (accessed May 23, 2020).

[23] B. Meg W. and M. H. CNN, “Coverage of Dr. Anthony Fauci’s Senate testimony,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/politics/live-news/fauci-testifies-coronavirus-05-12-2020/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[24] “A Quarter Of Americans Are Hesitant About Taking A Covid-19 Vaccine That Doesn’t Yet Exist | IFLScience.” https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/a-quarter-of-americans-are-hesitant-about-taking-a-covid19-vaccine-that-doesnt-yet-exist/ (accessed May 23, 2020).

[25] C. D. CNN Scott Bronstein and Drew Griffin, “Rollout of antibody tests met with confusion, little oversight,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/07/politics/coronavirus-antibody-testing-problems-cdc-fda-invs/index.html (accessed May 23, 2020).

[26] N. Mrazovic, “CIFE Seed Proposal 2020-2021 ‘AEC and pandemic: response and impact.’” Apr. 21, 2020.

[27] A. K. Reinicke Carmen, “These 5 charts show how the coronavirus crisis has dwarfed the Great Recession in just 2 months,” Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com/5-charts-how-coronavirus-economic-fallout-compares-to-great-recession-2020-5 (accessed May 23, 2020).

[28] “Spotlight on Coronavirus: What will the world look like after COVID-19?,” Chief Investment Office. https://www.ubs.com/global/en/wealth-management/chief-investment-office/market-insights/spotlight-corona-virus.html (accessed May 23, 2020).

[29] UBS - Investment bank, “UBS Investor Sentiment.” [Online]. Available: https://www.ubs.com/global/en/wealth-management/chief-investment-office/market-insights/spotlight-corona-virus.html?intCampID=HPPROMOTEASER-GLOBAL-WORLDAFTER-COVID19-P3.

[30] “The 1930s Depression Was ‘Great.’ This One Might Be Greater.,” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/1930s-depression-was-great-one-might-be-greater (accessed May 26, 2020).

[31] GlobalWonks, “Network PulseTM: Forgotten Global Issues During COVID-19?” [Online]. Available: https://www.globalwonks.com.

[32] “Saudi Arabia Triples VAT, Cuts State Allowances Amid Crisis - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-11/saudi-arabia-plans-26-6-billion-austerity-cuts-triples-vat-ka1uss4c?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&utm_content=business&utm_source=facebook&cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business (accessed May 22, 2020).

[33] “Saudi Arabia Sovereign Wealth Fund Seeks $10 Billion Margin Loan - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-16/pif-said-to-seek-10-billion-loan-pledging-vision-fund-stakes?cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&utm_content=business&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social (accessed May 17, 2020).

[34] “Germany Plunges Into Recession With Biggest Slump in Decade,” Bloomberg.com, May 15, 2020.

[35] “Australia’s Credit Rating Outlook Cut to Negative by Fitch - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-21/australia-s-credit-rating-outlook-is-cut-to-negative-by-fitch?utm_medium=social&utm_content=business&utm_source=facebook&cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic (accessed May 22, 2020).

[36] “China Abandons Hard Growth Target, Shifts Stimulus Focus to Jobs,” Bloomberg.com, May 22, 2020.

[37] “Azevedo Stepping Down Early From a WTO Already on the Brink,” Bloomberg.com, May 14, 2020.

[38] “A wave of bankruptcies is coming in Europe,” The Economist.

[39] L. H. and K. E. Business CNN, “Japan just fell into recession, and much worse could be on the way,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/17/economy/japan-economy-recession-coronavirus-intl-hnk/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[40] “Malaysia Posts Slowest Growth Since 2009 on Lockdown Curbs,” Bloomberg.com, May 13, 2020.

[41] “Philippines Is Bracing for Deepest Slump in Three Decades - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-13/philippines-forecasts-gdp-contraction-of-2-to-3-4-this-year?cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business&utm_content=business&utm_source=facebook&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&utm_medium=social (accessed May 22, 2020).

[42] “Has covid-19 killed globalisation?,” The Economist.

[43] “Covid-19’s blow to world trade is a heavy one,” The Economist.

[44] “Businesses are proving quite resilient to the pandemic - But that does not make up for a lack of demand,” The Economist.

[45] D. G. Business CNN, “Grocery prices are soaring. Here’s what’s getting more expensive,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/13/business/grocery-prices/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[46] “The global food supply chain is passing a severe test,” The Economist.

[47] R. W. Business Ivan Watson and Salman Saeed, CNN, “‘I can’t send money back home’: How a lifeline for the world’s poorest is being cut off due to Covid-19,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/17/business/global-remittances-coronavirus-intl-hnk/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[48] D. Proctor, “GE Reports $1 Billion Hit to Cash Flow,” POWER Magazine, Apr. 29, 2020. https://www.powermag.com/ge-reports-1-billion-hit-to-cash-flow/ (accessed May 13, 2020).

[49] T. W. Lab, “Watch the Briefing Here | The Workers Lab.” https://www.theworkerslab.com/confirmed-briefing (accessed May 19, 2020).

[50] “Workers-Strength-Fund-Report.pdf.” Accessed: May 21, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.theworkerslab.com/hubfs/Reports/Workers-Strength-Fund-Report.pdf?hsLang=en.

[51] C. I. Business CNN, “Boeing deliveries drop to an 11-year low as canceled orders climb,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/12/business/boeing-orders-deliveries-coronavirus/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[52] “Leadership Live With David Rubenstein: United Airlines CEO Oscar Munoz.”

[53] “Your Air Travel Experience Will Never Be the Same,” Bloomberg.com, May 04, 2020.

[54] “Boeing CEO Sees Risk a U.S. Airline Will Fail Amid Travel Rout,” Bloomberg.com, May 12, 2020.

[55] “Nissan Said to Plan $2.8 Billion in Cost Cuts, Book Charges,” Bloomberg.com, May 13, 2020.

[56] I. Jiang, “UBS expects restaurant sales to plummet 40% as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, undoing 20 years of growth for the industry as grocery stores dominate,” Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com/ubs-restaurant-sales-to-plummet-after-pandemic-grocery-benefits-2020-4 (accessed May 22, 2020).

[57] B. J. H. and K. O. CNN, “The future of tourism in the coronavirus era: Asia may hold answers to what’s ahead,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/tourism-future-asia-coronavirus-intl-hnk/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[58] “OpenIDEO - COVID-19 Business Pivot Challenge- Ideation - UPSKI: Intelligent Bot for Economic Growth and Mobility.” https://challenges.openideo.com/challenge/covid-19-business-pivot-challenge-ideation/ideas/upski-intelligent-bot-for-economic-mobility (accessed May 14, 2020).

[59] P. Cohen and T. Hsu, “‘Rolling Shock’ as Job Losses Mount Even With Reopenings,” The New York Times, May 14, 2020.

[60] A. T. and T. L. Business CNN, “Another 2.4 million Americans filed for unemployment benefits last week,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/21/economy/unemployment-benefits-coronavirus/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[61] “April jobs report: 8 charts show how dire US’s economic situation is - Business Insider.” https://www.businessinsider.com/april-jobs-report-what-charts-say-us-labor-market-economy-2020-5?utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=sf-bi-main&utm_medium=social (accessed May 23, 2020).

[62] “Unemployment: The latest predictions from Trump officials on unemployment numbers are dire - CNNPolitics.” https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/10/politics/unemployment-mnuchin-hassett-kudlow-economy-coronavirus/index.html?utm_medium=social&utm_source=fbCNN&utm_content=2020-05-11T01%3A00%3A15&utm_term=link (accessed May 22, 2020).

[63] “Poorest Americans Hit Hard by Pandemic Job Losses,” Bloomberg.com, May 14, 2020.

[64] J. Cox, “GDP could decline by 42% in the second quarter, according to the Atlanta Fed,” CNBC, May 15, 2020. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/05/15/gdp-could-decline-by-42percent-in-the-second-quarter-according-to-the-atlanta-fed.html (accessed Jun. 01, 2020).

[65] P. B. Rothenberg CNN National Security Analyst and Daniel, “How the ‘hinge event’ of Covid will change everything,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/07/opinions/the-future-normal-hinge-event-bergen-rothenberg/index.html (accessed May 23, 2020).

[66] “Why ‘video call fatigue’ might be making you tired during lockdown - and how to beat it,” World Economic Forum. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/05/zoom-fatigue-video-conferencing-coronavirus/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[67] “U.S. Employers Scramble to Address Mental Health Epidemic,” Bloomberg.com, May 19, 2020.

[68] J. Nastu, “Experts Weigh In: How Covid-19 Affects Our ESG Initiatives (and What We Expect Tomorrow),” Environment + Energy Leader, May 04, 2020. https://www.environmentalleader.com/2020/05/experts-weigh-in-how-covid-19-is-affecting-our-esg-initiatives-and-what-we-expect-tomorrow/ (accessed May 07, 2020).

[69] “Temporary reduction in daily global CO 2 emissions during the COVID-19 forced confinement | Nature Climate Change.” https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-020-0797-x (accessed Jun. 01, 2020).

[70] D. Proctor, “FERC Plans Discussion of COVID-19 Impacts,” POWER Magazine, May 11, 2020. https://www.powermag.com/ferc-plans-discussion-of-covid-19-impacts/ (accessed May 13, 2020).

[71] “7 PRIORITIES TO HELP THE GLOBAL ECONOMY RECOVER | Energy Transitions Commission.” http://www.energy-transitions.org/content/7-Priorities-for-Global-Recovery (accessed May 11, 2020).

[72] “Energy Transitions Commission.” http://www.energy-transitions.org/ (accessed May 11, 2020).

[73] “This is when the COVID-19 pandemic will end, according to Bill Gates,” Ladders | Business News & Career Advice. https://www.theladders.com/career-advice/bill-gates-predicts-when-exactly-the-covid-19-pandemic-will-end/amp (accessed Apr. 14, 2020).

[74] “Architecture post COVID-19: the Profession, the Firms, and the Individuals,” ArchDaily, May 14, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/939534/architecture-post-covid-19-the-profession-the-firms-and-the-individuals (accessed May 17, 2020).

[75] “Backlog, the industry’s ‘protective shield’ continues to decline in every category, region | Construction Dive.” https://www.constructiondive.com/news/backlog-the-industrys-protective-shield-continues-to-decline-in-every-c/577749/ (accessed May 12, 2020).

[76] “Construction loses record-breaking 975K jobs in April amid pandemic | Construction Dive.” https://www.constructiondive.com/news/construction-loses-record-breaking-975k-jobs-in-april-amid-pandemic/577628/ (accessed May 16, 2020).

[77] “Sidewalk Labs shuts down Toronto project,” TechCrunch. https://social.techcrunch.com/2020/05/07/sidewalk-labs-shuts-down-toronto-project/ (accessed May 12, 2020).

[78] “Herzog & de Meuron’s Chelsea FC stadium plans expire,” Dezeen, May 08, 2020. https://www.dezeen.com/2020/05/08/herzog-de-meurons-chelsea-fc-stadium-expired/ (accessed May 08, 2020).

[79] “Las Vegas Sands Gives Up on $10 Billion Japan Casino Project - Bloomberg.” https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-13/las-vegas-sands-gives-up-on-10-billion-japan-casino-project?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&utm_source=facebook&utm_content=business&cmpid=socialflow-facebook-business (accessed May 12, 2020).

[80] “Balfour Beatty temporarily halts work on part of $1.9B Caltrain project,” Construction Dive. https://www.constructiondive.com/news/balfour-beatty-temporarily-halts-work-on-part-of-19b-caltrain-project/578101/ (accessed May 19, 2020).

[81] “La Biennale di Venezia Postponed until 2021,” ArchDaily, May 19, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/939834/la-biennale-di-venezia-postponed-till-2021 (accessed May 22, 2020).

[82] “Accelerating AEC Innovation in a Post-COVID World - Virtual Startup Community - Powered By Shadow Ventures.” https://community.shadow.vc/events/danielle-dy-buncio-event (accessed May 05, 2020).

[83] N. Orenstein, “Construction, skate parks, nurseries: Some rules relaxed in new stay-at-home order,” Berkeleyside, Apr. 29, 2020. https://www.berkeleyside.com/2020/04/29/construction-skate-parks-nurseries-some-rules-relaxed-in-new-stay-at-home-order (accessed May 23, 2020).

[84] “Contractors challenged by lack of labor, jobsite tension and delays,” Construction Dive. https://www.constructiondive.com/news/contractors-challenged-by-lack-of-labor-jobsite-tension-and-delays/578201/?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Issue:%202020-05-19%20Daily%20Dive%20%5Bissue:27431%5D&utm_term=Construction%20Dive (accessed May 19, 2020).

[85] nCircle, “Reforming AEC to emerge successfully from COVID19 Part 2: Onsite Construction,” Zoom Video, May 21, 2020. https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/tZ0kc-6pqTMuEteRdh3XosBL5Dcvy3LaEyBK/success?user_id=2cgrHnQwRMawTathwwm_Tg&timezone_id=Asia%2FCalcutta (accessed May 21, 2020).

[86] “The new normal: 8 ways the coronavirus crisis is changing construction,” Construction Dive. https://www.constructiondive.com/news/the-new-normal-8-ways-the-coronavirus-crisis-is-changing-construction/576681/ (accessed May 19, 2020).

[87] “Gensler-US-Work-From-Home-Survey-2020-Briefing-1.pdf.” Accessed: May 22, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.gensler.com/uploads/document/695/file/Gensler-US-Work-From-Home-Survey-2020-Briefing-1.pdf.

[88] “Work From Home Experiences Differ Across Generations,” Gensler. https://www.gensler.com/us-wfh-survey-2020-wfh-experiences-differ-across-generations (accessed May 22, 2020).

[89] CIDCI, “2020 Online Salons: Peter Dumont: Operating System 2.0: Smart contracts and blockchain for building projects,” website. https://www.cidci.org/2020-online-salons (accessed May 19, 2020).

[90] CEE job market panel discussion Stanford CEE department. Stanford University.

[91] “Ten thoughts on the future of practice,” Archpaper.com, Apr. 21, 2020. https://archpaper.com/2020/04/ten-thoughts-on-the-future-of-practice/ (accessed Apr. 24, 2020).

[92] “How construction can emerge stronger after coronavirus | McKinsey.” https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/capital-projects-and-infrastructure/our-insights/how-construction-can-emerge-stronger-after-coronavirus (accessed May 13, 2020).

[93] N. Mrazovic, “AEC and pandemic: response and impact,” Apr. 28, 2020.

[94] “COVID-19 resources for architects - AIA.” https://www.aia.org/pages/6280670-covid-19-resources-for-architects (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[95] “NECA Learning Center.” https://courses.necanet.org/home (accessed Apr. 12, 2020).

[96] “Realcomm.” https://www.realcomm.com/ (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

[97] “Home | Occupational Safety and Health Administration.” https://www.osha.gov/ (accessed Apr. 16, 2020).

[98] “CII - Home.” https://www.construction-institute.org/ (accessed May 27, 2020).

[99] “ArchDaily | Broadcasting Architecture Worldwide,” ArchDaily. https://www.archdaily.com (accessed May 27, 2020).

[100] GlobalWonks, “Webinar: Crisis Macro & The Emerging Markets Story.” https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_7OR_Z9FiQ4mCi_erzMQLcA (accessed Apr. 24, 2020).

[101] P. Hellermann, “Covid-19 vs. Construction,” Medium, Mar. 19, 2020. https://medium.com/foundamental/covid-19-vs-construction-6178a9d7e453 (accessed May 05, 2020).

[102] “Reaction, Rebound, Recession, and Reimagination | BCG.” https://www.bcg.com/en-us/publications/2020/covid-19-reaction-rebound-recession-reimagination.aspx (accessed May 04, 2020).

[103] R. F. Sadik-Khan Edward Glaeser, Maimunah Mohd Sharif, Kiran Bedi, Thomas J. Campanella, Chan Heng Chee, Dan Doctoroff, Bruce Katz, Rebecca Katz, Joel Kotkin, Robert Muggah, Janette, “How Life in Our Cities Will Look After the Coronavirus Pandemic,” Foreign Policy. https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/05/01/future-of-cities-urban-life-after-coronavirus-pandemic/ (accessed May 05, 2020).

[104] “Design-Build Town Hall: DBIA National Board Panel Tackles Owners’ COVID-19 Concerns.” https://www.dbialiberty.org/events/design-build-town-hall-dbia-national-board-panel-tackles-owners-covid-19-concern (accessed May 06, 2020).

[105] “Online Webinar - Design-Build Institute of America Western Pacific - INFRASTRUCTURE OUTLOOK – ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON PUBLIC SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT PIPELINES AND FUNDING.” http://www.dbiawpr.org/news-events/events/online-webinar/ (accessed May 06, 2020).

[106] S. A. CNN, “Covid-19 lockdowns could drop carbon emissions to their lowest level since World War II. But the change may be temporary,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/19/world/carbon-emissions-coronavirus-pandemic-scn-climate-trnd/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[107] “BuiltWorlds Summit Workshops: FMI Leadership Team Talks Fast Adapters in Changing Environment - BuiltWorlds.” https://builtworlds.com/news/builtworlds-summit-workshops-fmi-leadership-team-talks-fast-adapters-changing-environment/?utm_campaign=News%20%26%20Analysis&utm_source=hs_email&utm_medium=email&utm_content=87642894&_hsenc=p2ANqtz-91bTS5yOvtoth7IiW2nGZg_0MXv4IvkGjwocWOoz_0TxL5DPQ_WdED90gE0NquDinvVhnzvm1k91CVnDQnzKb3FCuquw&_hsmi=87642894 (accessed May 08, 2020).

[108] “Companies Worth $2 Trillion Are Calling for a Green Recovery,” Bloomberg.com, May 18, 2020.

[109] "A science writer’s perspective on accelerating the impact of bioengineering in society” Michael Specter, Adjunct Professor, Department of Bioengineering & Staff Writer, The New Yorker. 2020.

[110] ©Copyright Stanford University Stanford, “Webinar: Fireside Chat with Tom Rath,” Fireside wellness chats. https://stanford.zoom.us/ (accessed Jun. 04, 2020).

[111] “HEALTH CRISIS MEETS CLIMATE CRISIS.” https://www.facebook.com/NowThisPolitics/videos/285206175832449/?v=285206175832449¬if_id=1589464109204368¬if_t=live_video (accessed May 14, 2020).

[112] WATCH LIVE: California Governor Gavin Newsom gives coronavirus update -- May 14, 2020. .

[113] S. Langar, R. Mosier, and S. Adhikari, “Survey: AEC Faculty Responses to the COVID-19.” May 15, 2020, [Online]. Available: https://utsa.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_4SZzF4DUuRT9rLf.

[114] “Butterfly Effect: 4 Principles for Fighting Global Issues Through Architecture,” ArchDaily, May 04, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/937363/butterfly-effect-4-principles-for-fighting-global-issues-through-architecture (accessed May 22, 2020).

[115] “3 scenarios for the future of energy and what they mean for oil - Business Insider.” https://www.businessinsider.com/3-scenarios-for-the-future-of-energy-oil-coal-demand-2020-5?utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=sf-bi-main (accessed May 17, 2020).

[116] B. Jessie Y. CNN Adam Renton and Rob Picheta, “May 20 coronavirus news,” CNN. https://www.cnn.com/world/live-news/coronavirus-pandemic-05-20-20-intl/index.html (accessed May 22, 2020).

[117] M. McFall-Johnsen, “A growing number of universities aren’t coming back to campus this fall — here’s the list so far,” Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com/universities-that-arent-returning-to-campus-fall-2020-2020-5 (accessed May 17, 2020).

[118] “Professor says coronavirus may force some colleges into ‘death march.’” https://www.facebook.com/cnn/videos/624589304799498/UzpfSTEwMDAwNDQ4MjI4NDE4NDoxNTMxMzI1MzkwMzYwMTg5/ (accessed May 17, 2020).

[119] “Corporate Contracts Get a Rewrite for the Post-Pandemic Era,” Bloomberg.com, May 06, 2020.

[120] “Work From Home? You Probably Still Have a Job,” Bloomberg.com, May 08, 2020.

[121] “GlobalWonks Webinar: Leo Tilman: Business Operations & The Great Lockdown: Opportunity in a World of Disruption?,” May 19, 2020. https://www.globalwonks.com/app/index (accessed May 19, 2020).

[122] “Amazon.com: Agility: How to Navigate the Unknown and Seize Opportunity in a World of Disruption (9781939714152): Tilman, Leo M., Jacoby, General Charles: Books.” https://www.amazon.com/Agility-Navigate-Seize-Opportunity-Disruption/dp/193971415X (accessed May 19, 2020).

[123] “Global banks - As China goes global, its banks are coming out, too | Special report | The Economist.” https://www.economist.com/special-report/2020/05/07/as-china-goes-global-its-banks-are-coming-out-too (accessed May 22, 2020).

[124] H. Long, closeHeather L. correspondentEmailEmailBioBioFollowFollow, rew V. D. close, and rew V. D. focusing on economic dataEmailEmailBioBioFollowFollow, “U.S. unemployment rate soars to 14.7 percent, the worst since the Depression era,” Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/05/08/april-2020-jobs-report/ (accessed May 26, 2020).

[125] Architect’s Newspaper, “Trading Notes: Webinar 04/24: System Disruption: Managing Project Logistics During the Pandemic.” https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_roLdpiinR-mZlTr6LvnNeA?trk_msg=922I6OS24PR4H5DCA7E93C11OG&trk_contact=EOAN4U7UU56FRDIETD38828NIG&trk_sid=D4I67TFJ5HJPPBK4MA2OBLH9U8&utm_source=listrak&utm_medium=email&utm_term=Register+Now&utm_campaign=Livestreaming+today+at+1pm%3a+System+Disruption%3a+Managing+Project+Logistics+During+the+Pandemic (accessed Apr. 24, 2020).

[126] “ASHRAE Epidemic Task Force Established.” https://www.ashrae.org/about/news/2020/ashrae-epidemic-task-force-established (accessed Apr. 24, 2020).

[127] “Adapting the AEC Industry to a Virtual World: A Future Leaders Event.” https://www.chicagobuildingcongress.org/our-events/#!event/2020/5/1/adapting-the-aec-industry-to-a-virtual-world (accessed May 01, 2020).

[128] “The Chicago Building Congress | CBC.” https://www.chicagobuildingcongress.org/ (accessed May 01, 2020).

[129] “Shovels in the Ground: How Developers are Preparing for the Next Step - Zoom.” https://us02web.zoom.us/rec/play/tZcoI7_6qWg3GIbBswSDUPR9W465Lv-s0SdKqPVcxE_nUHZWNFWkZrdBZuQhhQorvKnZYYb1TaNeg5K5?continueMode=true&tokenMeetingId=6_NRdu6u2ThOX7eRsGHCWrJ7E9Xmaaa80ygb_PQOycdif1UYCIQafaozNNcfOrI&_x_zm_rtaid=1m_gimA2Rg28oJkmKMYwXQ.1588352268398.2ce1a33e689c54d597135cfdb9cc4163&_x_zm_rhtaid=418 (accessed May 01, 2020).

[130] “Managing cash flow, stimulus programs, unemployment and taxes,” Zoom Video. https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_PZ6nMzC4Rh6usGXqS8ZG9g (accessed May 08, 2020).

[131] “AN: Trading Notes.” https://tradingnotes.archpaper.com/ (accessed May 08, 2020).

[132] “Construction in the time of Covid-19 | SPIRE.” https://www.spirestanford.org/events/event/construction-time-covid-19/ (accessed May 04, 2020).

[133] “TOWN HALL: How does UK construction learn and move forward during this unprecedented time of Covid-19,” LetsBuild. https://www.letsbuild.com/webinars/town-hall-how-does-uk-construction-learn-and-move-forward-during-this-unprecedented-time-of-covid-19 (accessed May 23, 2020).

[134] “Realcomm.” https://www.realcomm.com/ (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

[135] “AECOM posts record $42B backlog amid COVID-19 crisis,” Construction Dive. https://www.constructiondive.com/news/aecom-posts-record-42b-backlog-amid-covid-19-crisis/577465/?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Issue:%202020-05-06%20Daily%20Dive%20%5Bissue:27185%5D&utm_term=Construction%20Dive (accessed May 06, 2020).

[136] “NABTU_CPWR_Standards_COVID-19.pdf.” Accessed: May 06, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/NABTU_CPWR_Standards_COVID-19.pdf?utm_source=May+2020+Update&utm_campaign=May+2020+UPDATE&utm_medium=email.

[137] “COVID-19 and real estate: How the coronavirus is impacting the AEC industry,” Building Design + Construction. https://www.bdcnetwork.com/covid-19-and-real-estate-how-coronavirus-impacting-aec-industry (accessed Apr. 14, 2020).

[138] “Safety and Health Topics | COVID-19 | Occupational Safety and Health Administration.” https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/covid-19/ (accessed May 24, 2020).

[139] “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) | NIOSH | CDC,” May 15, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/emres/2019_ncov.html (accessed May 24, 2020).

[140] CDC, “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Interim Guidance for Businesses and Employers,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Feb. 11, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/guidance-business-response.html (accessed May 24, 2020).

[141] “CII - Free Webinar: CII Practices That Can Help with Project Restarts.” https://www.construction-institute.org/events/education/free-webinar-cii-practices-can-help (accessed May 12, 2020).

[142] “Using BIM Software to Work While Social Distancing May 12th, 2020 and 1 PM EST | FREE.” https://www.workcast.com/AuditoriumAuthenticator.aspx?cpak=6376903019725272&pak=7543458645567178 (accessed May 12, 2020).

[143] “Realcomm Webinar Series Smart Building Bootcamp; Class 2 (May 14): Information Technology, Heightened Cybersecurity and Risk Management in Times of Crisis.” https://www.realcomm.com/webinars/profile/ (accessed May 14, 2020).

[144] “Tel Aviv to convert 11 city center streets into pedestrian zones,” The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. https://www.jpost.com/israel-news/tel-aviv-to-convert-11-city-center-streets-into-pedestrian-zones-628434 (accessed May 22, 2020).

[145] “Berkeley may open streets, sidewalks and parks to allow outdoor dining — Berkeleyside.” https://www.berkeleyside.com/2020/05/15/berkeley-may-open-streets-sidewalks-and-parks-to-allow-outdoor-dining (accessed May 22, 2020).

[146] “Photos show how cities have closed down streets for pedestrian use - Insider.” https://www.insider.com/cities-closed-streets-for-pedestrians-covid-lockdowns-2020-5?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=sf-bi-main&utm_source=facebook.com (accessed May 17, 2020).

[147] “Frankly Speaking: What do you think of Zoom University?,” The Stanford Daily, May 18, 2020. https://www.stanforddaily.com/2020/05/18/frankly-speaking-what-do-you-think-of-zoom-university/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[148] Gensler, “COVID-19 Higher Education Roundtable.” May 20, 2020.

[149] “Gensler,” Gensler. https://www.gensler.com/ (accessed May 20, 2020).

[150] “CII - Free Webinar: How CII’s Construction Readiness Assessment Tool Can Help with Project Restarts.” https://www.construction-institute.org/events/education/free-webinar-cra-tool-restarts (accessed May 19, 2020).

[151] “CII - Blog.” https://www.construction-institute.org/blog (accessed May 19, 2020).

[152] How CII’s Construction Readiness Assessment tool Can Help with Project Restarts. .

[153] “Realcomm Webinar Series Smart Building Bootcamp; Class 4 (May 28): Deploying a Smart Building Strategy: Navigating the Unknown - Bringing it all together,” May 28, 2020. https://www.realcomm.com/webinars/profile/ (accessed May 28, 2020).

[154] “Digital Disruption: Digital Transformation Strategies.” https://emeritus.jbs.cam.ac.uk/digital-disruption/index.php (accessed May 22, 2020).

[155] “Responding to Crisis: A Spotlight on Your Organization,” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/responding-crisis-spotlight-your-organization (accessed May 26, 2020).

[156] ©Copyright Stanford University Stanford, “Webinar: Fireside Chat with Chip Conley,” Fireside wellness chats. https://stanford.zoom.us/ (accessed May 20, 2020).

[157] “Wisdom Well,” Modern Elder Academy. https://wisdomwell.modernelderacademy.com/ (accessed May 20, 2020).

[158] “CTBUH Chicago Virtual Program: Agile AEC,” Eventbrite. https://www.eventbrite.com/e/103007927484?aff=efbneb (accessed Apr. 20, 2020).

[159] “The secret to making Zoom meetings meaningful for you and your coworkers,” ideas.ted.com, Apr. 20, 2020. https://ideas.ted.com/the-secret-to-making-zoom-meetings-meaningful-for-you-and-your-coworkers/ (accessed May 07, 2020).

[160] “Project Supply Chain Resiliency | Project Production Institute.” https://projectproduction.org/ppi-thinking/project-supply-chain-resiliency-covid-19-update/ (accessed May 08, 2020).

[161] “DBIA COVID-19 Community Survey - May 2020.” https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/PXZJH6K (accessed May 08, 2020).

[162] “Online Survey Software | Qualtrics Survey Solutions.” https://yalesurvey.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_06Opte8pj7Iz5Ix (accessed May 12, 2020).

[163] “Getting from A to C via B – transitioning back to the workplace - Arup.” https://www.arup.com/en/perspectives/getting-from-a-to-c-via-b-transitioning-back-to-the-workplace (accessed May 11, 2020).

[164] “Building for Resilience in Workspaces: A Series,” DPR Construction. https://www.dpr.com/media/blog/resilient-workspace-part-1 (accessed May 15, 2020).

[165] “‘Offices are going to get much smaller’ after pandemic says Sevil Peach,” Dezeen, May 11, 2020. https://www.dezeen.com/2020/05/11/offices-design-coronavirus-pandemic-sevil-peach/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[166] Architect’s Newspaper, “Trading Notes: Webinar 05/22: Approaches to Architectural Preservation and Adaptive Re-Use.” https://us02web.zoom.us/w/84513231569?tk=EZ6aXuydJmXQW0n1ppELofy85uyc_-ori7vdaOQOhnA.DQIAAAATrWGS0RZaN3BuT25ZWVRJNklwdFp6TF9HdUd3AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA&uuid=WN_muxI1C7nSyKihamqdO-CJQ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[167] “Bloomberg Business on Instagram: ‘What will your post-lockdown office look like? Just as air travel changed after 9/11, traditional offices appear set to become safer,…,’” Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/CABkrbon3UX/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[168] “Marc Goodwin photographs Madrid architects’ studios before coronavirus lockdown,” Dezeen, May 15, 2020. https://www.dezeen.com/2020/05/15/madrid-architecture-studios-marc-goodwin-photography/ (accessed May 17, 2020).

[169] Federated Employment Practices Network, “Webinar: FEPN: Post-Pandemic Return to Work Considerations for Employers,” May 19, 2020. https://event.on24.com/eventRegistration/EventLobbyServlet?target=lobby20.jsp&eventid=2326582&sessionid=1&key=44A4F7636FF95CDB960FFAA76D1ADA11&eventuserid=302895489 (accessed May 19, 2020).

[170] “Homepage - Enquiron.” https://enquiron.com/ (accessed May 19, 2020).

[171] “COVID-19 Task Force.” https://www.grsm.com/practices/covid-19-task-force (accessed May 22, 2020).

[172] “Home | U.S. Department of Labor.” https://www.dol.gov/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[173] “Families First Coronavirus Response Act: Questions and Answers | U.S. Department of Labor.” https://www.dol.gov/agencies/whd/pandemic/ffcra-questions (accessed May 22, 2020).

[174] “Home | U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.” https://www.eeoc.gov/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[175] “Home | Occupational Safety and Health Administration.” https://www.osha.gov/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[176] “Front page | U.S. Department of the Treasury.” https://home.treasury.gov/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[177] “Traditional Condition Assessments vs Innovative Drone Inspections: Higher Quality Data Leads to Greater Insights - 1307352.” https://event.webcasts.com/starthere.jsp?ei=1307352&tp_key=6f85047a4a (accessed May 19, 2020).

[178] “Health in Buildings -- Building Professional’s Perspective.” https://usc.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_2fX52izrDJI1N7n (accessed May 19, 2020).

[179] “Working From Home? Here’s How to Be More Effective,” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/working-home-heres-how-be-more-effective (accessed May 26, 2020).

[180] “Make the Most of Your Virtual Communications,” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/make-most-your-virtual-communications (accessed May 26, 2020).

[181] “10 Tips For Giving Effective Virtual Presentations,” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/10-tips-giving-effective-virtual-presentations (accessed May 26, 2020).

[182] “Why Working from Home Is a ‘Future-Looking Technology,’” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/why-working-home-future-looking-technology (accessed May 26, 2020).

[183] “Lindred Greer: Why Virtual Teams Have More Conflict,” Stanford Graduate School of Business. https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/lindred-greer-why-virtual-teams-have-more-conflict (accessed May 26, 2020).

[184] “eiband-airbornetransmission.pdf.” Accessed: Apr. 24, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.ashrae.org/file%20library/technical%20resources/covid-19/eiband-airbornetransmission.pdf.

[185] “Technology Centers | Autodesk.” https://www.autodesk.com/technology-centers (accessed May 18, 2020).

[186] “Sorry Zoom, this magic interface is the ultimate video chat.” https://www.fastcompany.com/90498000/move-over-zoom-this-magic-interface-is-the-future-of-videoconferencing?partner=rss&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=rss+fastcompany&utm_content=rss (accessed May 23, 2020).

[187] “argodesign - Product Design, Experience, & Innovation Firm.” https://www.argodesign.com/ (accessed May 23, 2020).

[188] “COVID-19 Response – PRAKASH LAB.” https://web.stanford.edu/group/prakash-lab/cgi-bin/labsite/covid19/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[189] “N95DECON,” N95DECON. https://www.n95decon.org (accessed May 18, 2020).

[190] N95 Decontamination & Reuse Webinar | N95DECON & MGB. .

[191] A. Molina et al., “Project 1000 x 1000: Centrifugal melt spinning for distributed manufacturing of N95 filtering facepiece respirators,” arXiv:2004.13494 [cond-mat, physics:physics], Apr. 2020, Accessed: May 18, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://arxiv.org/abs/2004.13494.

[192] “vent4us.” https://www.vent4us.org/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[193] “The Pneumask Project,” The Pneumask Project. https://www.pneumask.org (accessed May 18, 2020).

[194] EPRI-led Autonomous Drone Demonstrates Ability to Perform Inspections, and Collect Radiological Data. .

[195] “ASHRAE Issues Statements on Relationship Between COVID-19 and HVAC in Buildings.” https://www.ashrae.org/about/news/2020/ashrae-issues-statements-on-relationship-between-covid-19-and-hvac-in-buildings (accessed Apr. 24, 2020).

[196] “pd_infectiousaerosols_2020.pdf.” Accessed: Apr. 24, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.ashrae.org/file%20library/about/position%20documents/pd_infectiousaerosols_2020.pdf.

[197] B. H. International, “Designing for Dignity,” Medium, Feb. 13, 2020. https://medium.com/build-health-international/designing-for-dignity-63d4d0f82fa0 (accessed May 15, 2020).

[198] “Home | Build Health International.” https://www.buildhealthinternational.org/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[199] “Alternative Healthcare Facilities: Architects Mobilize their Creativity in Fight against COVID-19,” ArchDaily, Apr. 22, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/937840/alternative-healthcare-facilities-architects-mobilize-their-creativity-in-fight-against-covid-19 (accessed May 18, 2020).

[200] S. Real, “50(SUPer(real)) Spatial strategies for sustainable design,” Super Real. https://50superreal.com/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[201] “Plastique Fantastique.” https://plastique-fantastique.de (accessed May 18, 2020).

[202] “Agx architects,” AGX. https://www.agxarchitects.com (accessed May 18, 2020).

[203] “mmw,” mmw. http://www.mmw.no (accessed May 18, 2020).

[204] W. W. + Partners, “Architectural Practice, Infrastructure &…,” WestonWilliamson+Partners, May 18, 2020. https://www.westonwilliamson.com (accessed May 18, 2020).

[205] “VHL Architecture’s Archinect profile,” Archinect. https://archinect.com/vhlarch (accessed May 18, 2020).

[206] “HAHA Architects Group.” http://www.hahagroup.pl/?utm_medium=website&utm_source=archdaily.com (accessed May 18, 2020).

[207] “Galería de Instalaciones alternativas de atención médica: arquitectos se movilizan por la lucha contra COVID-19 - 19,” Plataforma Arquitectura. https://www.plataformaarquitectura.cl/cl/938414/instalaciones-alternativas-de-atencion-medica-arquitectos-se-movilizan-por-la-lucha-contra-covid-19/5e999845b357653cb10000bc-alternative-healthcare-facilities-architects-mobilize-their-creativity-in-fight-against-covid-19-image (accessed May 18, 2020).

[208] “Emergency shelter | Gonzalo Guzman,” Archello. https://archello.com/project/emergency-shelter (accessed May 18, 2020).

[209]! “N F E K T MIMARLIK.” http://www.infektural.com/EN/about.html?utm_medium=website&utm_source=archdaily.com (accessed May 18, 2020).

[210] “Our cities may never look the same again after the pandemic - CNN Style.” https://edition.cnn.com/style/article/cities-design-coronavirus/index.html?utm_term=link&utm_content=2020-05-11T07%3A01%3A04&utm_medium=social&utm_source=fbCNN (accessed May 22, 2020).

[211] “Milan calls on architects and designers to create social-distancing devices.” https://www.dezeen.com/2020/05/08/milan-call-architects-designers-social-distancing-coronavirus/ (accessed May 23, 2020).

[212] “Escapist restaurant interiors could be ‘lasting design legacy of the pandemic,’” Dezeen, May 07, 2020. https://www.dezeen.com/2020/05/07/restaurant-interiors-trend-report-coronavirus-pandemic-roar/ (accessed May 22, 2020).

[213] “Rehabilitation Project for a Multi-Family Building with 8 Houses / avlarquitectura + Antoni Bou Architectes,” ArchDaily, May 18, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/939257/rehabilitation-project-for-a-multi-family-building-with-8-houses-avlarquitectura-plus-antoni-bou-architectes (accessed May 22, 2020).

[214] “10+ Proposals to Promote Adaptive Reuse and Introduce Transformative Ideas | ArchDaily.” https://www.archdaily.com/931659/10-plus-proposals-to-promote-adaptive-reuse-and-introduce-transformative-ideas?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_all (accessed May 18, 2020).

[215] “Skidmore, Owings and Merrill Design Adaptive Reuse Project in Milan,” ArchDaily, Oct. 03, 2019. https://www.archdaily.com/925884/skidmore-owings-and-merrill-design-adaptive-reuse-project-in-milan (accessed May 18, 2020).

[216] “ODA Designs New Detroit Book Tower Rehabilitation Project,” ArchDaily, Sep. 04, 2019. https://www.archdaily.com/924277/oda-designs-new-detroit-book-tower-rehabilitation-project (accessed May 18, 2020).

[217] “Schmidt Hammer Lassen Revitalizes Boston’s Commonwealth Pier through Adaptive Reuse,” ArchDaily, Feb. 14, 2019. https://www.archdaily.com/911496/schmidt-hammer-lassen-revitalizes-bostons-commonwealth-pier-through-adaptive-reuse (accessed May 18, 2020).

[218] “OMA Reveals New Design to Convert Historic Houston Post Office,” ArchDaily, Jul. 02, 2019. https://www.archdaily.com/920159/oma-reveals-new-design-to-convert-historic-houston-post-office (accessed May 18, 2020).

[219] “BIG Designs a 21st Century Ruin for Oakland’s Coliseum,” ArchDaily, Jan. 25, 2019. https://www.archdaily.com/910175/big-designs-a-21st-century-ruin-for-oaklands-coliseum (accessed May 18, 2020).

[220] “Kengo Kuma Transforms Shanghai Shipyard Into Multi-Use Complex,” ArchDaily, Mar. 02, 2018. https://www.archdaily.com/889132/kengo-kuma-transforms-shanghai-shipyard-into-multi-use-complex (accessed May 18, 2020).

[221] “Studio Komma Will Transform Former Dutch Cargo Ships Into Sustainable Homes,” ArchDaily, Jul. 20, 2018. https://www.archdaily.com/898318/studio-komma-will-transform-former-dutch-cargo-ships-into-sustainable-homes (accessed May 18, 2020).

[222] “EFFEKT’s Winning Proposal Converts Abandoned Warehouse Into Cultural Hub,” ArchDaily, Jan. 23, 2017. http://www.archdaily.com/803711/effekts-winning-proposal-converts-abandoned-warehouse-into-cultural-hub (accessed May 18, 2020).

[223] “WXY Transforms Former Shipyard into Innovation Hub in New Jersey,” ArchDaily, Oct. 05, 2016. http://www.archdaily.com/796768/wxy-transforms-former-shipyard-into-innovation-hub-in-new-jersey (accessed May 18, 2020).

[224] “Cheung Fai Building Transformation / MVRDV | ArchDaily.” https://www.archdaily.com/490324/mvrdv-begins-work-on-cheung-fai-conversion-in-hong-kong/?ad_source=myarchdaily&ad_medium=bookmark-show&ad_content=current-user (accessed May 18, 2020).

[225] “Studio Gang Chosen to Convert Power Plant to Rec Center,” ArchDaily, Oct. 09, 2013. http://www.archdaily.com/436239/studio-gang-chosen-to-convert-power-plant-to-rec-center/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[226] “Conversion of Mies van der Rohe Gas Station / FABG,” ArchDaily, Mar. 07, 2012. http://www.archdaily.com/214540/conversion-of-mies-van-der-rohe-gas-station-les-architectes-fabg/ (accessed May 18, 2020).

[227] “Studio Precht Imagines a Park for Physical Distancing During the Coronavirus Pandemic,” ArchDaily, Apr. 17, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/937801/studio-precht-imagines-a-park-for-physical-distancing-during-the-coronavirus-pandemic (accessed May 18, 2020).

[228] “Home - BuiltWorlds.” https://builtworlds.com/ (accessed May 28, 2020).

[229] S. E. DeFranzo, “Advantages and Disadvantages of Surveys,” Snap Surveys Blog, Nov. 16, 2012. https://www.snapsurveys.com/blog/advantages-disadvantages-surveys/ (accessed May 28, 2020).

[230] “Virtual Design & Construction (VDC) Services,” VIATechnik. https://www.viatechnik.com/services/ (accessed May 24, 2020).

[231] “New York Governor Cuomo Coronavirus News Conference | C-SPAN.org.” https://www.c-span.org/video/?470791-1/governor-cuomo-announces-presidential-primary-delay-amid-coronavirus-pandemic (accessed Apr. 16, 2020).

[232] Fieldwire, Is Construction “Essential” in a Pandemic? .

[233] Realcomm, “Real Estate, Coronavirus and Business Continuity Preparation – Part IV.” https://realcomm.adobeconnect.com/pbjgsr1fbplo/ (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

[234] “Special Series: 8 CRE Leaders Discuss Business Continuity Planning and Coronavirus.” https://dev.realcomm.com/news/972/2/special-series-8-cre-leaders-discuss-business-continuity-planning-and-coronavirus/ (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

[235] “Architect’s Guide to Business Continuity - AIA.” https://www.aia.org/resources/6282340-architects-guide-to-business-continuity (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[236] “COVID-19: Woods Bagot Global Studio Connectivity.” https://www.woodsbagot.com/news/covid-19-woods-bagot-global-studio-connectivity/ (accessed Apr. 14, 2020).

[237] “Home - Healthpeak.” https://www.healthpeak.com/ (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

[238] “United States of America,” United States of America. https://www.ubs.com/us/en.html (accessed May 29, 2020).

[239] “IRENA – International Renewable Energy Agency.” https://www.irena.org/ (accessed May 11, 2020).

[240] “Inventing our way out of the COVID-19 crisis: roles, responsibilities, and a way forward” Manu Prakash, Associate Professor of Bioengineering. Stanford University, 2020.

[241] D. T. SLAM, “Labor & Material Analysis - Q1 2020.” https://www.slamcoll.com/article/25/labor-material-analysis-q1-2020 (accessed Apr. 15, 2020).

[242] “COVID-19 Forces More People To Work From Home. How’s It Going?,” NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2020/05/08/852527736/covid-19-forces-more-people-to-work-from-home-hows-it-going (accessed May 30, 2020).

[243] J. Peters, “Twitter is now letting employees work from home indefinitely,” The Verge, May 12, 2020. https://www.theverge.com/2020/5/12/21256060/twitter-employees-work-from-home-covid-19-pandemic (accessed May 30, 2020).

[244] Architect’s Newspaper, “Construction in the Age of Covid-19: How are Firms Keeping Projects Online?,” Trading Notes. https://zoom.us/rec/play/uJYtc72vrzg3EtecsQSDA_57W9S6L6OshCkfq_FcnUa3UXFQMVegMLdEMOG0ogCp-fRMKvyEYzH5uBr2?continueMode=true&_x_zm_rtaid=uzdQeN5XS6uSbJRzUI7n3Q.1586711345285.ba07953bdef32646becd1ec6886d3c49&_x_zm_rhtaid=616 (accessed Apr. 12, 2020).

[245] Woods Bagot Global Studio, “COVID-19 Lessons from our China Studios,” Apr. 14, 2020.

[246] “State-by-State Coronavirus Construction Status Updates.” https://www.enr.com/articles/49013-state-by-state-coronavirus-construction-status-updates (accessed May 30, 2020).

[247] “COVID-19 Construction Industry Latin America | FTI Consulting.” https://www.fticonsulting.com/insights/articles/covid-19-impacts-construction-industry-latin-america (accessed May 30, 2020).

[248] “Management Team – Enlighted.” https://www.enlightedinc.com/about-us/management-team/ (accessed May 24, 2020).

[249] CDC, “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19),” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Feb. 11, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/managing-stress-anxiety.html (accessed May 30, 2020).

[250] “BeWell: Employee Wellness Program | Cardinal at Work.” https://cardinalatwork.stanford.edu/benefits-rewards/sweeteners/bewell-employee-wellness-program (accessed May 30, 2020).

[251] “How to Combat Zoom Fatigue.” https://hbr.org/2020/04/how-to-combat-zoom-fatigue (accessed May 25, 2020).

[252] “(4) Pete Dumont | LinkedIn.” https://www.linkedin.com/in/pete-dumont-38254410/ (accessed May 31, 2020).

[253] “CURT | Construction Users Roundtable.” https://www.curt.org/ (accessed May 31, 2020).

[254] M. Fischer, Integrating Project Delivery. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.

[255] M. Fischer, H. W. Ashcraft, D. Reed, and A. Khanzode, Integrating Project Delivery, 1 edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley, 2017.

[256] “Center for Integrated Facility Engineering |.” https://cife.stanford.edu/ (accessed May 31, 2020).

[257] “Research | Center for Integrated Facility Engineering.” https://cife.stanford.edu/research (accessed May 31, 2020).

[258] “Construction Management Software | Autodesk BIM 360,” BIM 360. https://www.autodesk.com/bim-360/ (accessed Apr. 15, 2020).

[259] “Miro | Free Online Collaborative Whiteboard.” https://miro.com/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=Branded-Miro&utm_term=miro&utm_content=379263098057&xuid=Cj0KCQjwm9D0BRCMARIsAIfvfIYRb8ALF59orTjfuo_nldLgiRFN21v8fKyyavbsRXRax5iahGAufscaAvMTEALw_wcB&gclid=Cj0KCQjwm9D0BRCMARIsAIfvfIYRb8ALF59orTjfuo_nldLgiRFN21v8fKyyavbsRXRax5iahGAufscaAvMTEALw_wcB (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[260] “Video Conferencing, Web Conferencing, Webinars, Screen Sharing - Zoom.” https://zoom.us/ (accessed Apr. 12, 2020).

[261] “ANTLR.” https://www.antlr.org/ (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[262] “Bluebeam Revu, an AEC Standard Workflow Solution | Bluebeam, Inc.” https://get.bluebeam.com/ (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[263] “Studio Prime,” Bluebeam, Inc. https://www.bluebeam.com/solutions/studio-prime (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[264] “G Suite: Collaboration & Productivity Apps for Business.” https://gsuite.google.com/ (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[265] “Google Hangouts Meet: Online Video Conferencing | G Suite.” https://gsuite.google.com/products/meet/ (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[266] “DUNE at work.” https://atwork.dunescience.org/ (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[267] “Where work happens | Slack.” https://slack.com/ (accessed Apr. 13, 2020).

[268] “Teladoc.” https://member.teladoc.com/bsc (accessed Apr. 12, 2020).

[269] “Professional VDC Education | Center for Integrated Facility Engineering.” https://cife.stanford.edu/Professonal_VDC_education (accessed May 31, 2020).

[270] “Vilnius, the Capital of Lithuania, Opens its Public Spaces for Cafes, to Help with Physical Distancing | ArchDaily.” https://www.archdaily.com/938686/vilnius-the-capital-of-lithuania-opens-its-public-spaces-for-cafes-to-help-with-physical-distancing (accessed May 31, 2020).

[271] “Paris Plans to Maintain Anti-Pollution and Anti-Congestion Measures post Covid-19 Lockdown,” ArchDaily, May 05, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/938870/paris-plans-to-maintain-anti-pollution-and-anti-congestion-measures-post-covid-19-lockdown (accessed May 31, 2020).

[272] “People to Reclaim Streets in Milan in Post Covid-19 Vision of the City,” ArchDaily, Apr. 23, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/938202/people-to-reclaim-streets-in-milan-in-post-covid-19-vision-of-the-city (accessed May 31, 2020).

[273] “Guidelines | Tag | ArchDaily.” https://www.archdaily.com/tag/guidelines (accessed May 31, 2020).

[274] “The Gastro Safe Zone: A Public Space Proposal that Considers Social Distancing Measures,” ArchDaily, Apr. 29, 2020. https://www.archdaily.com/938599/the-gastro-safe-zone-a-public-space-proposal-respecting-social-distancing-measures (accessed May 31, 2020).

[275] G. Penoyre and S. Prasad, Retrofit for Purpose: Low Energy Renewal of Non-Domestic Buildings, 1 edition. London: RIBA Publishing, 2014.

[276] “Richard Sennet on how we should live: density in post-pandemic cities.” https://www.domusweb.it/en/architecture/2020/05/09/how-should-we-live-density-in-post-pandemic-cities.html (accessed May 31, 2020).

[277] Amadeo, “Vertical Integration Occurs When A Business Owns Its Supply Chain,” The Balance. https://www.thebalance.com/what-is-vertical-integration-3305807 (accessed May 13, 2020).

[278] “Phillip Bernstein,” Yale Architecture. https://www.architecture.yale.edu/faculty/339-phillip-bernstein (accessed May 31, 2020).