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Can You Accelerate Your Project Using Extreme Collaboration? A Model Based Analysis

TitleCan You Accelerate Your Project Using Extreme Collaboration? A Model Based Analysis
Publication TypeTechnical Report
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsChachere, J, Levitt, R, Kunz, J
Date Published11/2003
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsCenter for Integrated Facility Engineering, CIFE, Collaboration, Collocation, Design, Latency, Organizations, Processes, Stanford University, VDC, Virtual Design and Construction, XC
AbstractThis paper sets out our observations, modeling results, and conclusions regarding a novel organizational form applied variously as "Extreme Collaboration" (XC) or "radical collocation." XC teams are cross-functional, co-located groups enabled with high-performance computer modeling and simulation tools, large interactive graphic displays, a mature shared generic project model that the design team instantiates for the project, and specialized charter, training, support and culture. Our primary data source is the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Team-X, which has consistently reduced task durations over many hundreds of projects from original values of 3-9 months down to a few days. Based on our observations, interviews, and surveys of the JPL team, we employ several computational models including the Virtual Design Team (VDT) to illuminate the practice's basic mechanisms. Key aspects include very short information request-response latency (less than a minute to answer to a question, vs. several days in a traditional team) and a bounded and dedicated knowledge network that provides all the required skills and experience.
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