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The Scope and Role of Information Technology in Construction

TitleThe Scope and Role of Information Technology in Construction
Publication TypeTechnical Report
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsFischer, M, Kunz, J
Date Published02/2004
Publication Languageeng
Keywords3-D, 4-D, Center for Integrated Facility Engineering, CIFE, Construction, Coordination, Organization Models, Process Models, Product Model, Stanford University, VDC, VDT, Virtual Design and Construction, Virtual Design Team
AbstractThis paper provides an overview of the future role and scope of IT in construction and introduces integrated POP (product, organization, process) modeling in support of the challenges noted above and defines virtual design and construction (VDC) as a design method for more effective leverage of IT in support of integrated POP design. To support such predictions, practitioners will utilize IT to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the expected performance of the facility design, the design of the facilities delivery process (design and construction schedule), and the design of the organization carrying out the process. These simulations, analyses, and evaluations should be based on an integrated model describing the designed facility, organization, and process. The simulation, analysis, and evaluation results should then be visualized so that the results make clear what the tradeoffs are between optimizing the facility, organization, and process design for a particular discipline vs. the overall project for the wide range of criteria typically found on construction projects. IT should also support automation of the generation of the input for simulation, analysis, and evaluation and automate the simulations, analyses, and evaluations as much as possible. Eventually, IT will support the optimization of a project's design from the perspective of multiple disciplines.
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